Mopane, Turpentine Tree. The compound leaves are divided in two so that the leaflets resemble butterfly wings. Crushed leaves have a turpentine odor. Mopane wood is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. It is also increasingly being used in the construction of musical instruments, particularly woodwind. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. The wood is also used to make charcoal and for braai wood.