TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


Pictogram Guide · Mouse over pictogram for definition

Colophospermum mopane, Mopane, Turpentine Tree

Colophospermum mopane

Mopane, Turpentine Tree
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: South Africa
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterFragrantDeciduousSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

These beautiful trees with their distinctive butterfly-shaped leaves and strange seeds are, for many, the essence of South Africa areas, along with interesting bird and insect life and game animals. They are also an extremely important food source for animals and people. Vast tracts of uninterrupted mopane scrub and woodland characterize the hot, low-lying areas near the Limpopo River in the far north of South Africa. The compound leaves are divided in two so that the leaflets resemble butterfly wings. Crushed leaves have a turpentine odor.

In summer the leaves are fed on by swarms of fat, dark greyish mopane worms, which can reach almost 10 cm long. These are rich in protein and are eaten by people, either roasted or dried. The sale of dried mopane worms is an important income source for many people, creating a local economy.

Other traditional uses of the mopane tree include the making of houses and kraal fences, twigs chewed as tooth brushes, the bark is used to make twine and for tanning, and the leaves used for healing wounds. The hard, reddish heartwood timber was used to make railway sleepers and as props for mining activities.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/colophospermum_mopane.htm

Colophospermum mopane - seeds

Mopane, Turpentine Tree. The compound leaves are divided in two so that the leaflets resemble butterfly wings. Crushed leaves have a turpentine odor. Mopane wood is gaining popularity as a heavy, decorative wood, its uses including aquarium ornaments, bases for lamps or sculptures, and garden accents. It is also increasingly being used in the construction of musical instruments, particularly woodwind. Mopane twigs have been traditionally used as tooth brushes, bark to make twine and for tanning, and leaves for healing wounds. The wood is also used to make charcoal and for braai wood.
Ordering seeds info

RECOMMENDED SUPPLIES:
Seed Germination Mix #3, professional grade
SUNSHINE-Epi - Seeds and cuttings booster
SUNSHINE Bombino - Young Plant Booster
Per pack: 6 large seeds
In stock
$8.95
Free shipping