The tree, native to Tropical Africa, does not tolerate cold weather, making it unsuitable for many temperate climates. However, it can be an ideal plant for growing in a pot in cold regions, as with proper care, Ficus sur (Bush Fig) can survive temperatures as low as 30F for brief periods and can be used for bonsai.
When grown in USDA Zone 9-11, Ficus sur is typically a large shrub, growing to a height of 5-10ft tall. But when given the appropriate conditions, it can be grown as a small tree of 10-20ft. Ficus sur prefers full sun and semi-shade and requires moderate water. It is an ethnomedical plant, with many parts of the tree being used medicinally, and its edible fruit can be enjoyed fresh or used in jams and jellies.
Ficus sur produces a wide variety of fruit, which may be green, yellow, orange, or purple depending on the species. Rich in vitamin C, these fruits have several medicinal uses. In traditional medicine, they have been used to treat ulcers, diarrhea, and chronic skin disorders. Ficus sur fruits are full of essential nutrients that can help improve digestion and reduce inflammation. On average, a single large tree can produce about 200-300 edible fruits in a season.
When it comes to the care and growing of Ficus sur, it needs to be planted in a well-draining potting soil that is rich in organic matter. It should be watered regularly but it is important to ensure that water does not remain in the pot for longer than necessary as this can cause root rot. To keep the plant healthy, trim the branches regularly. Fertilize every couple of months to promote healthy growth.