5448 Avocado tree Hardee Red, Grafted (Persea americana)?
What is grafted plant
Q: What is a grafted plant?
A: Grafting is a method of vegetative (or asexual) propagation where a piece of one plant (scion) selected for its flowers or fruit and containing the desired genes to be duplicated is inserted into a piece of another plant (rootstock), with a strong vigorous root system, usually a seedling.
Benefits of the graft:
- making a clone of the parent plant ensures the same cultivar, since most fruit trees will not come true to seed
- taking a scion from a mature plant reduces time to flowering and fruiting (from 10-12 years for a seedling to 2-3 years or less for a grafted plant)
- introducing dwarfing, hardiness, disease and pest resistance.
- easier propagation method when other means like cutting or seed is not successful
Hardee Red was the most important commercial varieties years ago. It has a shape of Russel, with elongated neck, but the color is intense red. Very productive tree, large size fruit, creamy taste. Very similar to Hialiah Red, Lara variety. See avocado varieties chart.