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rare plants - fragrant flowers - exotic fruit

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rare plants - fragrant flowers - exotic fruit

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Fruits of Asia

Local names index

Bur - Burma
Cam - Cambodia
Ins - Indonesia
Lao - Laos
Mal - Malaysia
Phi - Philippines
Tha - Thailand
Vie - Vietnam

Scientific name Common name (English) Local names Harvest season Place where the harvest season refers
Cocos nucifera Coconut kelapa (Ins, Mal); on, makun (Burma); niog (Phi); mapraaw (Tha); dua (Vie) Year round  
Aegle marmelos Bael  bhau (Cam); maja, maja batuh (Ins); toum (Lao); bilak, bila, bel (Mal); opesheet, ohshit (Burma); matum, tum, ma pin (Tha); trai mam (Vie). Dry season  
Anacardium occidentale Cashew svaay chantii (Cam); jambu monyet (Mal); thiho thayet si (Burma); Kasoy, balubad, balogo (Phi); mamuang, himmaphan, yaruang, mamuang letlor (Tha); dao lon hot, cay dieu (Vie) March-June Philippines
Annona muricata Guayabano, Soursop tiep barang (Cam); sirsak, nangka belanda (Ins); khan thalot, khiep thet (Lao); durian belanda (Mal); duyin-awza (Burma); guayabano (Phi); thurian thet, riannam (Tha); mang cau xiem (Vie). May-Aug Philippines, year round in tropics
Annona squamosa Sugar apple, Sweetsop, Custard apple tiep baay, tiep srok (Cam); sirkaja, sarikaja, atis (Ins); khieb (Lao);  nona sri kaya, buah nona, sri kaya (Mal); awza (Burma); atis (Phi); noina, makkhiap, lanang (Tha); na, mang cau ta (Vie). June-Sept Philippines
Artocarpus altillis Breadfruit sakee, khnaor samloo (Cam); sukun (seedless), kelur, timbul (seeded) (Ins, Mal); paung-thi (Burma); rimas (seedless), kamansii (seeded) (Phi); sa-ke (seedless),  khanun- sampalor (Tha); sake (Vie). May-Aug Philippines, year round near equator
Artocarpus heterophyllus Jackfruit khnaor (Cam); nangka (Ins, Mali); miiz, miiz hnang (lao); peignai (Burma); langka (Phi); khanon, makmi, banun (Tha); mit (Vie). Year round, but mainly Jan-May    

 

 

Thailand 

March-Aug Philippines
Apr-Aug and Sept-Dec Malaysia
Artocarpus integer  Cempedak chempedak, campedak [cultivated], bankong [wild] (Mal); sonekadat (Burma); champada (Tha); mit to nu (Vie). June-Aug  Malaysia 
Sept-Dec Java, Indonesia
Averrhoa bilimbi Billimi tralong tong (Cam); belimbing asam, belimbing wuluh, belimbing buluk (Ins, Mal); tayok-zaungya (Burma); kamias, iba (Phi); taling pling (Tha); khe tau (Vie). Year round  
Averrhoa carambola Carambola, Star Fruits spo (Cam);fuand (Lao); belimbing manis (Mal, Ins); zaung-ya (Burma); balimbing (Phi); ma fuang (Tha); khe (Vie). June-Aug Philippines
Year round Thailand
Baccaurea racemosa Kapundung mente, kepundung (Ins, Mal);bencoy (Ins); jinteh merah (Mal). Aug-Sept Malaysia
Baccaurea ramiflora Burmese grape phnkiew (Cam); mafai setambun, tajam molek (Ins); f'ai (Lao); pupor, tampoi, tempui (Mal); kanazo (Bur); mafai, omfai, hamkang (Tha); giau gia dat, giau tien, dzau mien dzu'o'i (Vie). Aug-Sept Malaysia
Bouea burmanica (macrophylla) Gandaria ramania, gandaria (Ins); kundang, rembunia, setar (Mal); ma  praang, somprang (Tha). March-June Indonesia
Carica papaya Papaya, pawpaw ihong, doeum lahong (Cam); papaya, gedang, kates (Ins); houng (Lao); papaya, betek, ketalah (Mal); thimbaw (Bur); papaya, kapaya, lapaya (Phi); malakor, loko, ma kuai thet (Tha); du du (Vie). Year round  
Chrysophyllum cainito Cainito, Starapple sawo ijo, sawo hejo, sawo kadu (Ins); sawo duren, pepulut (Mal); hnin-thagya (Bur); caimito (Phi); chicle durian (Sin); sataa appoen (Tha); vu-sue (Vie). Jan-April Philippines
July Indonesia
Citrus aurantiifolia Lime, Sour Lime krooch chmaa muul (Cam); jeruk nipis, jeruk pecel (Ins); naaw (Lao); limau ni-pis, limau asam (Mal); dayap (Phi); som manao, manao (tha); chanh ta (Vie). Almost year round   
Citrus hystrix Mauritius Papeda, Kaffir Lime krauch soeuch (Cam); jeruk perut, limo purut (Ins); 'khi 'hout (Lao); limau purut (Mal); shouk-pote (Bur); kabuyau, kulubut, kolobot (phi); ma kruut (Tha); truc (Vie). Almost year round  
Citrus maxima Pummelo, Shaddock krooch thlong (Cam); jeruk besar, jeruk bali (Ins); kiengz s'aangz, ph'uk, somz 'oo (Lao); jambua, limau betawi, limau bali (Mal); shouk-ton-oh, kywegaw (Bur); som-o, ma-o (Tha); bu'o'i (Vie). Nov-Jan  Philippines
Aug-Nov Thailand 
Citrus reticulata Mandarin, Tangerin krauch kvich (Cam); jeruk ke-prok, jeruk jepun, jeruk maseh (Ins); som hot, som lot, liou (Lao); limau langkat, limau kupas, limau wangkas (mal); leinmaw (Bur); som khieo waan, som saenthong, ma baang (Tha); cam sanh, cay quit (Vie). Almost year round  
Citrus sinensis Sweet Orange krooch poosat (Cam); jeruk manis (Ins); kiengz (lao); limau manis, chula, choreng (Mal); thung chin-thi (bur); kahel (Phi); somkliang, somtra (Tha); cam (Vie). Nov-Feb Philippines
Durio zibethinus Durian thu-reen (Cam); duren, ambetan, kadu (Ins); thurien (Lao); thurian, rian (Tha); sau rieng (Vie). June-Aug Peninsular Malaysia
July-Oct Philippines 
May-Aug Thailand
Euphoria longana (Dimocarpus longan) Longan mien (Cam); lengkeng (Ins, Mal); lam nhai (Lao); kyet mouk (Bur);lamyai pa (Tha); nhan(Vie). -ssp. longan var. obtusus: lamyai khruer, lamyai tao (Tha). -ssp. malesianus var. malesianus: mata kucing(peninsular Mal and Sabah); isau, sau, kakus (Sarawak); buku, ihau, meduru (Ins). Aug-Sept Thailand
Garcinia mangostana Mangosteen  manggis (Ins, Mal); mankhud (Lao); mingut (Bur); mang-gustan (Phi); mangkhut (Tha); cay mang cut (Vie). Aug-Okt until Nov  
Lansium domesticum Langsat langsat, duku, kokosan (Ins, Mal); langsat, duku (Bur); lansones, buahan (Phi); langsat, duku, longkong (Tha); bon-bon (Vie). July-Oct Thailand and Philippines
June-Feb Malaysia
Litchi chinensis Lychee, Lichee kuleen (Cam); litsi, kleng-keng, kalemgkeng (Ins); ngeew (Lao); laici, keleng-kang (Mal); kyet-mouk, lin chi, lam yai (Bur); linchee, litchi, see raaman (Tha); vai, cay vai, tu hu (Vie). April-Jun Thailand
Oct-Feb Indonesia
Macadamia integrifolia Macademia nut Macademia nut (En). Oct-Dec In this original habitat in Australia
Mangifera altissima   medang kok, membacang (Ins); paho, pahutan, pangamangaen (Phi). Year round  
Mangifera foetida Horse mango svaay saa (Cam); bachang, limus, asem hambawang (Ins); bachang, machang, pahu (Mal); thayet-poh, lamut (Bur); xoai hoi (Vie). Aug-Jan Malaysia and Indonesia
Mangifera indica Mango svaay (Cam); mangga, mempelam, ampelam (Ins, Mal); mwangx (Lao); tharyetthi (Bur); mangga, paho, mango (Phi); xoai (Vie). April-June Philippines
Jan-May Thailand
Manilkara kaukii  Wongi sawo kecik, kayu sawo, sabo (Ins); sawah, sawai, sawau (Mal); lamut-thai, lamut-sida (Tha); gang-neo (Vie). Aug-Sept Bali, Indonesia
Manilkara (Achras) zapota Sapodilla,  Naseberry, Nispero, Sapote
lomut (Cam); sawo manila, ciku, sawo londo (Ins); lamud (Lao); ciku (Mal); choko (Phi); lamut, lamut-farang (Tha); xaboche, hong xiem, tam lu'c (Vie). April-Sept Philippines
Sept-Dec Thailand
Musa spp. Banana cheek nam'vaa (Cam); pisang (Ins, Mal); kwayz (Lao); nget pyo thee (Burma); gluay (Tha); chuoi (Vie). Year round  
Nephelium lappaceum Rambutan saaw maaw, ser mon (Cam); rambutan (Ins, Mal, Phi); usan (phi); ngoh, phruan (Tha); chom chom, vai thieu (Vie). July-Sept Philippines
May-Sept Thailand
Persea americana Avocado, Alligator Pear avokaa (Cam); adpukat, avokad (Ins); avokado, apukado (Mal); htaw bat (Bur); awokado (Tha); bo', le dau (Vie). May-Aug Philippines
Phyllanthus acidus Otaheite Gooseberry  
ceremoi, cereme (Ins); cherma (Mal); thinbo-zihpyoo (Bur); iba, bang-kiling, karmay (Phi); mayom (Tha); chum ruot (Vie). Sept-Oct Bali, Indonesia
Psidium guajava Guava jambu batu, biyabas (Bru); trapaek sruk (Cam); jambu biji, jambu klotok (Ins); sida (Lao); jambu biji, jambu kampuchia, jambu berase (Mal); guava, bayabas (Phi); malakapen (Bur); ma kuai, ma-man, farang (Tha); oi (Vie). July-Sept Philippines (Almost year round with proper management, Thailand)
Punica granatum Pomegranate totum (Cam); delima (Ins, Mal); phiilaa (Lao); salebin, talebin, thale (Bur); granada (Phi); thapthim (C. Tha); phila (N.E. Tha); bakoh (N.Tha); lu'u, thap lu'u (Vie). Aug-Oct Several annual bearings in the tropics
Sandoricum koetjape Santol, Kechapi kom piing riech (Cam); kecapi, ketuat, sentul (Ins, Mal); toongz (Lao); thitto (Bur); kra thon, sa thon (Tha); sau (Vie). June-Aug Philippines
Spondias cytherea Ambarella, Otaheite Apple great hog plum (En); mokak (Cam); kedondong manis (Ins); kook hvaan (Lao); kedondong (Mal); gway (Bur); hevi (Phi); makok-farang (Tha); coc (Vie). Jan-April  Java
Syzygium aqueum Water Apple, Bell Fruit jambu air, jambu air mawar (Ins, Mal); tambis (Phi); machomphu-pa (Tha). Almost year round No regular growth cycle
Syzygium samarangense Wax Jambu, Java Apple jambu semarang, jambu klampok (Ins); jambu air mawar (Mal); makopa (Phi); chomphu-kaemmaem, chomphu-khieo, chomphu-nak (Tha); man, roi (Vie). May-July Philippines
Syzygium cumini Jambolan pring bai (Cam); jamblang, duwet (Ins); va (Lao); jambulana, jambulan (Mal); thabyang-hpyoo (Bur); duhat, lomboi (Phi); wa, hakhiphae (Tha); voi rung, tram moc (Vie). April-June Philippines
Syzygium jambos Roseapple cham'puu (Cam); jambu air mawar, jambu mawar, jambu kraton (Ins); chieng, kieng (Lao); jambu kelampok, jambu  mawar (Mal); thabyu-thabye (Bur); chomphu-namdokmai, manomhom, yamu-panawa (Tha); lu, bo dao, roi (Vie). June-Sept Very dependant on location
Syzygium malaccense Malay apple jambu bol (Ins, Mal); jambu merah (Mal); thabyo-thabyang (Bur); yanba, tersana, makopang-kalabaw (Phi); chomphu mamieo, chomphu saraek, chomphu daeng (Tha); cay dao, cay roi, dieu-do (Vie). Almost year round No regular growth cycle
Tamarindus indica Tamarind Indian Tamarind (En); 'am'pul, ampil, khoua me (Cam); asam, asam jawa, tambaring (Ins); khaam, mak kham (Lao); asam jawa (Mal); magyee, majee-pen (Bur); sampalok, kalamagi, salomagi (Phi); makham, bakham somkham (Tha); me, trai me (Vie). July-Feb  First in the Philippines, later in Thailand
Ziziphus jujuba (mauritiana) Indian jujube putrea (Cam); widara, dara, bidara (Ins); than (Lao); bidara, jujub, epal siam (Mal); zee-pen, zizidaw (Bur); manzanitas (phi); phutsaa, ma tan (Tha); tao, tao nhuc (Vie). Dry season  

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