Hibiscus coccineus, Scarlet Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Swamp Hibiscus

Hibiscus coccineus

Scarlet Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Swamp Hibiscus
Family: Malvaceae
Origin: Southeastern United States
USDA Zone: 6-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeFull sunRegular waterBog or aquatic plantRed, crimson, vinous flowersPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsFlood tolerant plant

This large shrub grows 5-10 feet (1.5-3 m) tall and wide. It has large, deeply serrated, palmate leaves and blooms in mid to late summer. The magnificent red, crimson, or vinous flowers have irregularly shaped petals and are very attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.

Scarlet Hibiscus prefers full sun in warm climates and semi-shade in cooler regions. It is a moderately drought tolerant plant once established, although it does best with regular water. In cold climates it is best grown in a container which can be moved indoors in cold winters. In these areas, the container should be kept well drained, and the soil lightly moistened, ensuring that the pot does not dry out completely.

This shrub is best propagated from cuttings of perennial wood taken in spring or early summer; however, healthy plants can be readily purchased from garden centers. Once established, scarlet hibiscus is a low-maintenance plant that is pest- and disease-free. It is also an excellent choice for naturalizing as it easily self-propagates.

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