Pandanus tectorius, Pandanus spiralis, Screw Pine, Screw Palm

Pandanus tectorius, Pandanus spiralis

Screw Pine, Screw Palm
Family: Pandanaceae
Origin: Western Pacific
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunDry conditionsThorny or spinyPalm or palm-like plantFlood tolerant plantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Palm-like tree. Some members of this large genus of over 600 species grow wild along the seashores of the tropical Pacific and can become small trees, while other, shrubbier species lend themselves to garden landscapes. The popular name derives from the fact that the long, prickly leaves emerge in a screw-like arrangement. Perhaps the most decorative species is P. sanderi, with green and yellow striped leaves. Become quite large, 6 to 8 metres in height, and so must be carefully sited in a garden. Pandanus is a very adaptable plant, though it prefers hot, dry conditions. The easiest method of propagation is by cuttings, which root readily when placed directly in the soil. The leaves of these trees are collected by Aboriginal women and are used for weaving clothing material. Dyes can be collected out of the roots and used for rock art painting. Also, the plant is used for treating inflammation by wrapping the leaves around the swollen spot, to create an anti-inflammatory effect.

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