Ixora sp., Jungle Flame, Needle Flower

Ixora sp.

Jungle Flame, Needle Flower
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: India and tropical Africa
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterYellow, orange flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersWhite, off-white flowersPink flowersPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsFragrant plantSeaside, salt tolerant plantUnknown name

Ixora - from the name of an Indian deity - is a genus with about 400 species, some of which rival Hibiscus as garden shrubs. I.javanica, one of the most often used, is a sizeable shrub with largish, pointed leaves and red-orange or pure red flowers that appear in rounded clusters of as many as sixty at the tips of the branches. I.cocdnea is smaller, with glossy, more ovate leaves; usually red, but there are white, pink, yellow, and orange varieties, and a dwarf often used as a low hedge. I.jinlaysoniana, a native of Thailand, can become a small tree and has large, fragrant, pure white flowers. In full sun or light shade, Ixora flowers almost continuously needing little pruning except for a more formal shape. When grown as a house plant, it needs high humidity, warm temperatures, and exposure to strong light. Propagation is easiest by air-layering. Species and varieties:

Ixora casei

Ixora chinensis

Ixora coccinea

Ixora congesta

Ixora ebracteata

Ixora finlaysoniana

Ixora hybrid Crimson Star

Ixora hybrid Hindu Rope

Ixora hybrid Sea Green

Ixora lobbii

Ixora longistipula

Ixora macrothyrsa

Ixora odorata

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