TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Alberta magna, Natal flame bush

Alberta magna

Natal flame bush
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

The Albertia manga's glossy leaves, brilliant flowers, and fruits, makes this is an aristocrat in gardens. It grows best in areas with moist climates,but doesn't like to be in areas with dry heat or cold temperatures.The Albertia manga is usually slow growing, but it will flower while still small.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/alberta_magna.htm

Atractocarpus fitzalanii, Randia fitzalanii, Gardenia fitzalanii, Native Gardenia, Yellow Mangosteen

Atractocarpus fitzalanii, Randia fitzalanii, Gardenia fitzalanii

Native Gardenia, Yellow Mangosteen
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Australia, Tropical Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Small tree, usually only to 10-20ft. tree with large, glossy green leaves. The white flowers have a gardenia-like perfume. Enjoys moist, warm environment of Rainforest. Dark shining foliage sets off these beautifully fragrant spring flowers. They are star-shaped and come in clusters. In late autumn, yellow skinned fruits develop, 2"-4" in diameter, filled with small seeds embedded in soft pulp, with a flavor resembling a mangosteen. Dense, shiny foliage, the leaves are large, dark green and glossy. Very tropical looking plant, rare in cultivation.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/atractocarpus_fitzalanii.htm

Augusta rivalis, Marmelada, Purui, Trompito, Madrono, Zumbo, Guayabito de monte, Star of Belize, Alibertia

Augusta rivalis

Marmelada, Purui, Trompito, Madrono, Zumbo, Guayabito de monte, Star of Belize, Alibertia
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Amazon River Region, Brazil
USDA Zone: 10-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Ornamental alibertias have large slightly fragrant flowers, similar to some gardenias or keilarsenia. It is a beautiful landscape shrub that can be used for small gardens or containers. The plants bloom profisely through summer, and are easy to take care of.

One of the species is a fruit tree - Alibertia edulis. It is a small erect tree, usually only to 10-15ft high. Flowers are white, large and slightly fragrant, followed by a green fruit, similar in size and shape to the pomegranate. Its black pulp is said to resemble marmelade and quinces. Eaten fresh out of hand, or used to make jellies and sweets.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/augusta_rivalis.htm

Borojoa patinoi, Borojo

Borojoa patinoi

Borojo
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Amazonia and Central America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Edible

Growing Borojo (Borojoa patinoi) is best done in USDA Zones 9-11, with an ideal temperature of 75-80F and humidity of 85%. The Borojo tree prefers semi-shade but can tolerate full sunlight as well. It has a slow growth rate, reaching heights of 10-20 feet, and should be watered regularly. The Borojo produces white to off-white flowers when mature, which produce the small fruits which are highly sought after.

Borojo fruits contain many beneficial vitamins and minerals, which are used within traditional ethnomedical practices. In traditional cuisine, the Borojo fruit is made into juices, compotes, marmalades, candies and wine. Aside from its ethnomedical practices, it is also very nutritious and considered an aphrodisiac and its juice is called jugo del amor. Borojo has one of the highest levels of water soluble B vitamins among fruits.



Borojoa patinoi, Borojo
Borojoa patinoi, Borojo
Borojoa patinoi, Borojo
Borojoa patinoi, Borojo


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/borojoa_patinoi.htm

Bouvardia longiflora, Bouvardia humboldtii, Scented Bouvardia

Bouvardia longiflora, Bouvardia humboldtii

Scented Bouvardia
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Americas
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrant

Bouvardia longiflora, commonly known as the Scented Bouvardia is native to the Americas. This lovely large shrub can reach heights of 5 to 10 feet tall while its smaller cousin can reach heights of 2 to 5 feet. You will find many off-white and white flowers that have a sweet and delicate fragrance throughout the growing season.

In order to make sure your Bouvardia longiflora look its best and continues to produce fragrant blooms, here are some tips for growing and keeping it healthy:

Provide your Bouvardia longiflora with a bright space that gets at least six hours of indirect light each day. They prefer a semi-shaded area and it is important to protect from direct sunlight.

Water your Bouvardia longiflora regularly, but be careful not to over-water. During the winter months, water less frequently but make sure it never dries out completely. They enjoy humid climates, so misting the foliage each morning might be beneficial.

When planting your Bouvardia longiflora in colder regions, it is important to provide protection from winter frosts and low temperatures. Planting in containers and adding mulch is a great way to give them some warmth while still allowing proper drainage.

With proper care and attention, your Bouvardia longiflora will provide you with a beautiful, fragrant display and long blooming season each year.



Bouvardia longiflora, Bouvardia humboldtii, Scented Bouvardia
Bouvardia longiflora, Bouvardia humboldtii, Scented Bouvardia
Bouvardia longiflora, Bouvardia humboldtii, Scented Bouvardia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bouvardia_longiflora.htm

Bouvardia ternifolia, Scarlet Bourvardia, Trumpetilla, Firecracker Bush, Hummingbird Flower

Bouvardia ternifolia

Scarlet Bourvardia, Trumpetilla, Firecracker Bush, Hummingbird Flower
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Arizona, New Mexico and Mexico, down to Central America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

In cooler climates, Bouvardia ternifolia (Scarlet Bourvardia) should be grown in pots and brought indoors before the cold weather arrives. Plant in well-draining, lightly acidic soil and place it in an area that gets a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sunlight a day. Water regularly while the plant is actively growing and reduce watering in the winter or when the plant is dormant. When growing in a pot, it is best to repot every 2 to 3 years, as the growth rate of this small shrub is quite fast. In USDA Zones 9-11, the mature plant can manage temperatures as low as 30°F for a short time, but it is advised to give it extra protection with mulch or frost blankets if the cold weather will last longer than usual.

Whether you are looking to add some color to an outdoor patio, a terrace, or a balcony, Bouvardia ternifolia

will be an excellent choice. The bright, red, crimson and vinous flowers of this small shrub are extremely fragrant and will attract butterflies and hummingbirds during the day. Keep in mind that it will need regular water, plenty of sunlight and some protection from the frost during the cold season, and you will be able to enjoy its beauty for many years to come.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bouvardia_ternifolia.htm

Burchellia bubalina, Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn

Burchellia bubalina

Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: South Africa, Natal
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

The genus contains only one species, Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope, where it is called Buffelhorn or Buffaloe-Horn, a name given it by the colonists from the extreme hardness of its wood. Flowers in the spring or summer. Requires to be protected from frost.

It flowers best in full sun but will also thrive in deep shade. The Wild pomegranate in flower makes an attractive contrast of dark green leaves and bright red flowers. This species is not related to the true pomegranate. The common name refers to its initial resemblance, when in flower.

The plant used medicinally, roots are used as an emetic to cleanse the body. Roots are also used in conjunction with other plant parts to concoct a love charm.



Burchellia bubalina, Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn
Burchellia bubalina, Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn
Burchellia bubalina, Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn
Seeds


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/burchellia_bubalina.htm

Burchellia bubalina - seeds

Wild Pomegranate, Wildegranaat, Buffalo Wood, Buffalo Horn. Burchellia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family. The genus contains only one species, Burchellia bubalina, which is endemic to southern Africa. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope. The Wild pomegranate in flower makes an attractive contrast of dark green leaves and bright red flowers. This species is not related to the true pomegranate. The common name refers to its initial resemblance, when in flower. The plant used medicinally, roots are used as an emetic to cleanse the body. Roots are also used in conjunction with other plant parts to concoct a love charm.
Ordering seeds info

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Calycophyllum spruceanum, Capirona

Calycophyllum spruceanum

Capirona
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: South America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Calycophyllum spruceanum is a canopy tree indigenous from the Amazon rainforest.



Calycophyllum spruceanum, Capirona


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/calycophyllum_spruceanum.htm

Capirona decorticans, Capirona

Capirona decorticans

Capirona
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Northern South America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

This tree avoids lichens, fungi, epiphytes and lianas, by getting rid of its bark. Once or twice a year it sheds off its bark entirely.



Capirona decorticans, Capirona


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/capirona_decorticans.htm

Carphalea kirondron, Madagascan

Carphalea kirondron

Madagascan
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Madagascar
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

An example of a Rubiaceae with enlarged, unequal, colored calyx lobes, long-styled flowers.



Carphalea kirondron, Madagascan
Carphalea kirondron, Madagascan
Carphalea kirondron, Madagascan


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/carphalea_kirondron.htm
 
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