Ilex aquifolium , European Holly

Ilex aquifolium

European Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Europe
USDA Zone: 6-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapPlant used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterOrnamental foliageWhite, off-white flowersThorny or spinySubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex aquifolium (European Holly) is a large shrub or small tree which can grow from 5-20 feet tall. It thrives in sun or semi-shade and can tolerate regular or moderate water. It is easily grown in a pot, depending on the size of the root ball, and can even be used for bonsai.

Holly produces off-white or white flowers in early summer and is prized for its ornamental foliage. Leaves are green and glossy and may be thorny or spiny. Fruits are red and round, typically ripening in mid-autumn, and may persist on the plant until late spring.

As far as care is concerned, holly is relatively low maintenance. It's cold hardy in USDA Zone 6-10. Regular watering is also important; if the soil is dry, water well to keep the roots cool in hot weather. Prune holly plants to shape them or reduce their size in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

Overall, holly is an excellent choice for adding a touch of evergreen color to any garden. Hardy and easy to care for, it can be used for bonsai and is perfect for adding interest and texture to a landscape with its glossy leaves and colorful berries.

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