Coutarea hexandra, also known as Azulejo, is a small tree native to South America. It is a deciduous tree that grows between 10 and 20 feet tall, with a spread of up to 10 feet wide. Its bark is grayish-brown and its shiny, deep green leaves are oblong with a pointed tip. The plant is a deciduous plant that can be easily grown in USDA zones 9-11. It prefers full sun but can tolerate semi-shade conditions. It requires regular watering, and it can be grown in a pot in colder regions.
The small tree has pink or white, off-white flowers from July to August. These blooms are attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and other pollinators, making this ethnomedical plant both a beautiful and functional addition to any garden.
Coutarea hexandra needs to be planted in an area of the garden with well-drained, moist soil. Its root system should be kept evenly moist but not waterlogged.
In the wild, Coutarea hexandra has a number of uses, the most prominent being its potential to be a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria. It is also harvested for its wood, which is used in building and furniture-making.
Coutarea hexandra is also a beautiful ornamental tree, with its glossy green foliage and pretty blooms. It can be a delightful addition to any garden, providing it is well taken care of.