Capparis erythrocarpus, commonly known as Pitipiti, is a large shrub native to Africa that grows 5-10 ft tall. It is an ethnomedical plant, used to prepare decoctions for arthritis and other ailments, as well as being known as an aphrodisiac. Capparis erythrocarpus produces spectacular white or off-white flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
The plant is easily grown in USDA Zone 9-11 in areas that have full sun to semi-shade and moderate water requirements. Pitipiti can also be grown in pots, making it ideal for gardening in cold regions. When grown in containers, planted in a well-draining soil and given enough light and protection from prolonged cold, the plant will flourish and produce blooms. Watering should be done when the soil feels dry to the touch and fertilizing should be done after blooming and in springtime with an organic fertilizer. Pruning should take place in early spring to promote healthy growth and increase blooming.
Overall, Capparis erythrocarpus is an easy to grow shrub that requires minimal maintenance, yet provides beautiful flowers, heavily scented foliage and a rich history of ethnomedical use.