TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Aralia chinensis, Chinese Angelica Tree

Aralia chinensis

Chinese Angelica Tree
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: China
USDA Zone: 7-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Aralia chinensis is a small tree, native to China, with an upright form and a rounded crown. It grows from 10-20 ft and has ornamental foliage, making it a great specimen garden shrub. This plant thrives in semi-shade and should be watered regularly with moderate water. The root and stems of this plant have ethnomedical uses. In some parts of the world, it is used as a remedy for diabetes.

The plant produces white or off-white flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds, making it ideal for gardeners that want to bring pollinators to the property. Aralia chinensis can be grown in USDA Zones 9-11. In cold regions, these plants can be grown in pots that are brought indoors for the winter months. Containers should be deep since the plant has a long taproot. The soil should be well-drained and amended with organic matter. Watering should be done every 1-2 weeks, with a little more in the summer months. Fertilizing should also be done during the summer months, with a slow-release fertilizer. This plant should be pruned in the early spring, before new growth appears.



Aralia chinensis, Chinese Angelica Tree
Aralia chinensis, Chinese Angelica Tree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aralia_chinensis.htm

Aralia cordata, Japanese Spikenard

Aralia cordata

Japanese Spikenard
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: China, Korea, Japan
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

The plant yields new shoots every spring, which are blanched and then eaten as a vegetable. In Korea, the dried root of the plant has been traditionally used as medicine. The young shoots have a strong yet pleasant distinct aromatic flavor. In addition to food and medicinal use, the plant is cultivated as an ornamental. The fruit is a small black drupe 3 millimetres (0.12 in) diameter, and may be toxic to humans.



Aralia cordata, Japanese Spikenard
Aralia cordata, Japanese Spikenard


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aralia_cordata.htm

Aralia elata, Japanese Angelica Tree

Aralia elata

Japanese Angelica Tree
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: China, Korea
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

In Japan, the shoots (taranome) are eaten in the spring.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aralia_elata.htm

Aralia sp., Spikenard

Aralia sp.

Spikenard
Family: Araliaceae
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Aralia sp. grows as a large shrub reaching 5-10 feet in height or as a small tree reaching 10-20 feet tall. The deciduous plant prefers full sun and regular water, with zones 9-11 as the ideal growing location. The plant is drought tolerant and requires moderate watering. The leaves are a deep green and the white, off-white flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds. As an ethnomedical plant, the species has had many uses and has been traditionally consumed for medicinal purposes.

When grown in the home garden, an ideal location is one with well draining, fertile, sandy soil and regular sun exposure. Aralia sp should receive regular water; however, during a period of drought, water requirements can be moderated. The plants prefer a neutral soil pH and mulching helps to retain moisture levels in the soil.

In cold regions, Aralia sp. is best grown in specific outdoor growing conditions or in a container. When grown in a pot, the soil should be amended with organic matter to help retain water and the pot should be placed in partial sun and checked regularly for water requirements. When temperatures drop below freezing, the container should be moved indoors until the temperatures moderates. The plant should be placed in a cool location, ideally between 50-60°F and continue to receive regular water. In warmer regions, the plant can be left outdoors year round.



Aralia sp., Spikenard
Aralia sp., Spikenard


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aralia_sp.htm

Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Angelica Tree

Aralia spinosa

Devil's Walkingstick, Angelica Tree
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: Eastern North America
USDA Zone: 4-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Aralia spinosa still grown for its decorative foliage, prickly stems, large showy flower panicles, and distinctive fall color.



Aralia spinosa, Devil's Walkingstick, Angelica Tree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aralia_spinosa.htm

Cussonia paniculata, Kiepersol

Cussonia paniculata

Kiepersol
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: Southern Africa
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate water

Cussonia paniculata, native to Southern Africa, is an evergreen tree species known for its small size, growing up to ten to twenty feet tall. This species is an ideal choice for bonsai enthusiasts who want to create an interesting and unique container garden.

Cussonia paniculata thrives best in full sun and needs moderate water to ensure its well-being. This tree species is usually grown in USDA zones 9-11, making it a harder to find than some other climate-hardy varieties. It is known for its strong wood and beautiful gray bark that develops a white patina as the tree matures. Its thick foliage consists of dark green drops with a glossy hue. The species is also known for its exuberant flowers that set off from its foliage.

Cussonia paniculata is one of those plants that require moderate to minimal care. When growing these trees in a container, make sure that you use soil that can easily drain its water. Water it regularly, particularly during the hot summer months. It's also better to fertilize the tree every three to four weeks, especially when it is actively growing. If you are living in a cold region, you must use a pot to place the plant in, as well as provide the Cussonia paniculata with a cold-protection mulch in the winter. Lastly, prune the tree occasionally to maintain a desired shape and size.

With the right care, Cussonia paniculata can be an interesting ornamental tree to have in your landscaping. It is tolerant of drought and heat, making it a perfect species for regions with extreme temperatures. Plus, its unmistakable foliage and flowers make for a beautiful addition to any garden.



Cussonia paniculata, Kiepersol
Cussonia paniculata, Kiepersol
Cussonia paniculata, Kiepersol
Cussonia paniculata, Kiepersol


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cussonia_paniculata.htm

Cussonia sp., Cabbage Tree

Cussonia sp.

Cabbage Tree
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate water

Cussonias in general have the peculiar habit of producing their attractive leaves toward the ends of thick branches in large round heads.

Cussonia sphaerocephala is the rare species similar in most respects to the better known Cussonia spicata, differing mainly in the larger, more rounded flowering panicle.



Cussonia sp., Cabbage Tree
Cussonia sp., Cabbage Tree
Cussonia sphaerocephala seeds
Cussonia sp., Cabbage Tree
Cussonia sphaerocephala seeds


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cussonia_sp.htm

Cussonia paniculata - seeds

Cabbage Tree, Kiepersol. Cussonias in general have the peculiar habit of producing their attractive leaves toward the ends of thick branches in large round heads. It belongs to a large family Araliaceae, to which well known plants such as Ginseng, Ivy, and several indoor plants, as well as Tetrapanax papyriferus, the plant used to make chinese rice paper. This family is also closely related to the parsley family (Apiacae) which includes several popular vegetables and herbs such as carrots, fennel and parsley.
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Cussonia spicata, Common Cabbage Tree, Kiepersol

Cussonia spicata

Common Cabbage Tree, Kiepersol
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: Southern and Tropical Africa
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCaudexCan be used for bonsaiBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Cussonias in general have the peculiar habit of producing their attractive leaves toward the ends of thick branches in large round heads. It belongs to a large family Araliaceae, to which well known plants such as Ginseng, Ivy, and several indoor plants, as well as Tetrapanax papyriferus, the plant used to make chinese rice paper. This family is also closely related to the parsley family (Apiacae) which includes several popular vegetables and herbs such as carrots, fennel and parsley. In addition to its popularity as a decorative garden tree and useful accent plant, the leaves of C. spicata are traditionally used as a treatment for indigestion. The roots are succulent and edible, mashed roots have also been used in the treatment of Malaria. The cabbage- tree is relatively easily cultivated, but does not tolerate extreme degrees of frost. The seed should be harvested and sown fresh. Well drained soil, some water and lots of sun. Plant which can be grown as a Bonsai. The corky stem will grow to 24" in diameter and reach for 21ft height. The flowers are green-yellow.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cussonia_spicata.htm

Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus., Panax sessiliflorus, Thorny Ginseng

Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus., Panax sessiliflorus

Thorny Ginseng
Family: Araliaceae
Origin: China
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Thorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/eleutherococcus_sessiliflorus.htm

Eleutherococcus sieboldianus, Acanthopanax sieboldianus, Five-fingered Aralia
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus 'Variegatus'

Eleutherococcus sieboldianus, Acanthopanax sieboldianus

Five-fingered Aralia
Family: Araliaceae
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Elegant, upright growing deciduous shrub with arching stems. Excellent foliage for shade gardens, shrub borders, perennial border backgrounds or foundations.



Eleutherococcus sieboldianus, Acanthopanax sieboldianus, Five-fingered Aralia
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus, Acanthopanax sieboldianus, Five-fingered Aralia
Eleutherococcus sieboldianus 'Variegatus'


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/eleutherococcus_sieboldianus_variegatus.htm
 
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