TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


Pictogram Guide · Mouse over pictogram for definition

Botanical family: Aquifoliaceae

Number of plants found: 8    

Ilex aquifolium , European Holly

Ilex aquifolium

European Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Europe
USDA Zone: 6-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapPlant used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterOrnamental foliageWhite, off-white flowersThorny or spinySubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex aquifolium (European Holly) is a large shrub or small tree which can grow from 5-20 feet tall. It thrives in sun or semi-shade and can tolerate regular or moderate water. It is easily grown in a pot, depending on the size of the root ball, and can even be used for bonsai.

Holly produces off-white or white flowers in early summer and is prized for its ornamental foliage. Leaves are green and glossy and may be thorny or spiny. Fruits are red and round, typically ripening in mid-autumn, and may persist on the plant until late spring.

As far as care is concerned, holly is relatively low maintenance. It's cold hardy in USDA Zone 6-10. Regular watering is also important; if the soil is dry, water well to keep the roots cool in hot weather. Prune holly plants to shape them or reduce their size in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins.

Overall, holly is an excellent choice for adding a touch of evergreen color to any garden. Hardy and easy to care for, it can be used for bonsai and is perfect for adding interest and texture to a landscape with its glossy leaves and colorful berries.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_aquifolium.htm

Ilex cassine , Dahoon Holly, Dahoon

Ilex cassine

Dahoon Holly, Dahoon
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Florida
USDA Zone: 7-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapPlant used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeShadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsFragrant plant

Florida native Holly is a wetland shrub or small tree found throughout Florida, southeastern U.S. coastal plain, Bahamas, and Cuba. In warm winter areas Ilex cassine is evergreen but tends to shed its foliage in colder climates.

In the winter, female trees are covered with bright red or yellow berries.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_cassine.htm

Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Horned Holly

Ilex cornuta

Chinese Holly, Horned Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Eastern China
USDA Zone: 7-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapPlant used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterOrnamental foliageWhite, off-white flowersThorny or spinyPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex cornuta is valued horticulturally for its attractive and distinctive rectangular foliage and for its large red berries. Unusually shaped rectangular leaves have three large spines at the apex. Flowers are fragrant but generally inconspicuous.



Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Horned Holly
Ilex cornuta, Chinese Holly, Horned Holly


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_cornuta.htm

Ilex opaca , American Holly

Ilex opaca

American Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: North America
USDA Zone: 5-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapPlant used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterOrnamental foliageWhite, off-white flowersThorny or spinySubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex opaca or American Holly is a fast-growing tree native to North America. It can be used for bonsai and grows to a height of 10-20 ft, making it suitable for gardens, lawns and parks. It needs full sun or partial shade for optimal growth and should be watered regularly (moderate water requirement). During its blooming season, Ilex opaca produces white, off-white flowers, which are followed by berries with a beautiful, shiny red coloration, being used as a traditional Christmas decoration. Its foliage is ornamental, though younger trees may have thorns and spines on branches.

Ilex opaca is cold hardy and can be grown in USD Zones 5-10. To grow this tree in a pot in cold areas, select a container with a drainage hole and fill it good potting mix. Make sure the container is kept in a sheltered location and water the tree regularly. Although Ilex opaca is cold hardy, extra protection from cold can be provided by wrapping the pot with a blanket or bubble wrap when temperatures plummet.



Ilex opaca , American Holly
Ilex opaca , American Holly
Ilex opaca , American Holly
Ilex opaca , American Holly


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_opaca.htm

Ilex paraguariensis, Yerba Mate

Ilex paraguariensis

Yerba Mate
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Subtropical South America
USDA Zone: 8-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunRegular waterOrnamental foliageEdible plantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Subtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The leaves of this tree are used to produce a herbal infusion called Yerba Mate or Paraguayan tea, a beverage traditionally consumed in central and southern South America. It is also very popular in Syria where it is imported from Argentina. Yerba mate can also be found in energy drinks.

The leaves are evergreen, with a serrated margin. The leaves are often called yerba (Spanish) or erva (Portuguese), both of which mean herb. They contain caffeine and other alkaloids and are harvested commercially.

Mate also contains compounds that, when extracted from green tea, help burn more calories, act as an appetite suppressant and weight loss tool, increase the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart, increase mental energy and focus, improve mood, and promote deeper sleep.

See Story about this plant.



Ilex paraguariensis, Yerba Mate
Ilex paraguariensis, Yerba Mate


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_paraguariensis.htm

Ilex paraguariensis - Yerba Mate

The leaves of this tree are used to produce a herbal infusion called Yerba Mate or Paraguayan tea, a beverage traditionally consumed in central and southern South America. Yerba mate can also be found in energy drinks. Mate also contains compounds that, when extracted from green tea, help burn more calories, act as an appetite suppressant and weight loss tool, increase the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart, increase mental energy and focus, improve mood, and promote deeper sleep.
See Story about this plant.

Recommended Fertilizer: SUNSHINE Robusta - Rapid Growth Booster
This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
10"/3 gal pot
10 Plants in stock
$39.95


Ilex pernyi, Perney's Holly

Ilex pernyi

Perney's Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: China
USDA Zone: 6-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterOrnamental foliageThorny or spinySubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex pernyi is a slow growing evergreen shrub with a conical habit. Its dark green, shiny, leathery leaves are ovate with spiny margins, up to 3cm long and 1.5cm broad and variable in shape.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_pernyi.htm

Ilex verticillata, American Winterberry, Coralberry

Ilex verticillata

American Winterberry, Coralberry
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: North America
USDA Zone: 3-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterDeciduous plantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Subtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Ilex verticillata is a deciduous shrub with extremely attractive red fruits that persist into Autumn and Winter.



Ilex verticillata, American Winterberry, Coralberry
Ilex verticillata, American Winterberry, Coralberry


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_verticillata.htm

Ilex vomitoria, Yaupon Holly

Ilex vomitoria

Yaupon Holly
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Origin: Florida
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunModerate waterRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

The species may be distinguished from the similar Ilex cassine by its smaller leaves with a rounded, not acute apex.



Ilex vomitoria, Yaupon Holly


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ilex_vomitoria.htm


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