|Number of plants found: 8|
Ilex aquifolium (European Holly) is a large shrub or small tree which can grow from 5-20 feet tall. It thrives in sun or semi-shade and can tolerate regular or moderate water. It is easily grown in a pot, depending on the size of the root ball, and can even be used for bonsai.
Holly produces off-white or white flowers in early summer and is prized for its ornamental foliage. Leaves are green and glossy and may be thorny or spiny. Fruits are red and round, typically ripening in mid-autumn, and may persist on the plant until late spring.
As far as care is concerned, holly is relatively low maintenance. It's cold hardy in USDA Zone 6-10. Regular watering is also important; if the soil is dry, water well to keep the roots cool in hot weather. Prune holly plants to shape them or reduce their size in the late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
Overall, holly is an excellent choice for adding a touch of evergreen color to any garden. Hardy and easy to care for, it can be used for bonsai and is perfect for adding interest and texture to a landscape with its glossy leaves and colorful berries.
Florida native Holly is a wetland shrub or small tree found throughout Florida, southeastern U.S. coastal plain, Bahamas, and Cuba. In warm winter areas Ilex cassine is evergreen but tends to shed its foliage in colder climates.
In the winter, female trees are covered with bright red or yellow berries.
Ilex cornuta is valued horticulturally for its attractive and distinctive rectangular foliage and for its large red berries. Unusually shaped rectangular leaves have three large spines at the apex. Flowers are fragrant but generally inconspicuous.
Ilex opaca or American Holly is a fast-growing tree native to North America. It can be used for bonsai and grows to a height of 10-20 ft, making it suitable for gardens, lawns and parks. It needs full sun or partial shade for optimal growth and should be watered regularly (moderate water requirement). During its blooming season, Ilex opaca produces white, off-white flowers, which are followed by berries with a beautiful, shiny red coloration, being used as a traditional Christmas decoration. Its foliage is ornamental, though younger trees may have thorns and spines on branches.
Ilex opaca is cold hardy and can be grown in USD Zones 5-10. To grow this tree in a pot in cold areas, select a container with a drainage hole and fill it good potting mix. Make sure the container is kept in a sheltered location and water the tree regularly. Although Ilex opaca is cold hardy, extra protection from cold can be provided by wrapping the pot with a blanket or bubble wrap when temperatures plummet.
The leaves of this tree are used to produce a herbal infusion called Yerba Mate or Paraguayan tea, a beverage traditionally consumed in central and southern South America. It is also very popular in Syria where it is imported from Argentina. Yerba mate can also be found in energy drinks.
The leaves are evergreen, with a serrated margin. The leaves are often called yerba (Spanish) or erva (Portuguese), both of which mean herb. They contain caffeine and other alkaloids and are harvested commercially.
Mate also contains compounds that, when extracted from green tea, help burn more calories, act as an appetite suppressant and weight loss tool, increase the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart, increase mental energy and focus, improve mood, and promote deeper sleep.