A: Grafting is a method of vegetative (or asexual) propagation where a piece of one plant (scion) selected for its flowers or fruit and containing the desired genes to be duplicated is inserted into a piece of another plant (rootstock), with a strong vigorous root system, usually a seedling.
Benefits of the graft:
- making a clone of the parent plant ensures the same cultivar, since most fruit trees will not come true to seed
- taking a scion from a mature plant reduces time to flowering and fruiting (from 10-12 years for a seedling to 2-3 years or less for a grafted plant)
- introducing dwarfing, hardiness, disease and pest resistance.
- easier propagation method when other means like cutting or seed is not successful
Exotic color of Desert Rose, almost black flower. The plant is with caudex, blooming size. See picture of caudex size. Black colored adeniums start as reddish color buds, flower opens as red-black and darkens as matures. See picture of stages: darkening of black adenium flower.