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Swietenia mahagoni, West Indian Mahogany

Swietenia mahagoni

West Indian Mahogany
Family: Meliaceae
Origin: Caribbean, southern Florida
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunRegular water

This large, evergreen tree can reach heights of up to over 20 feet, and its gracefully spreading branches give it an open, rounded crown. Its bark has a smooth, reddish-brown appearance which becomes increasingly ridged and furrowed with age. The green, glossy leaves are oblong in shape, and in a favorable setting, the tree can produce fragrant and beautiful flowers.

Swietenia mahagoni is native to the Caribbean islands and southern Florida and tends to thrive in areas with plenty of full sun and a consistently moist, well-drained soil. It does not tolerate drought, but it is still necessary to avoid overwatering. Regular waterings are important for young, immature plants, but older, established trees may only require it during extended periods of dryness.

It should be noted that once it is mature, the Swietenia mahagoni can tolerate short periods of time in temperatures as low as the mid-30s Fahrenheit with minimal damage. This makes it a great choice for growers in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-11 who would like to plant this unique, beautiful tree in their gardens.

For those who may be considering growing this tree in colder zones, the Swietenia mahagoni can be grown in a container and brought indoors during the winter months. This ensures that it is protected from the cold temperatures while still providing the tree with plenty of sun, water and other essential nutrients.

Overall, Swietenia mahagoni is a remarkable tree with a beautiful appearance and a very versatile, durable wood. There is a reason why it was the origin of the true mahogany woods, and when properly cared for, it can bring a great deal of beauty to a garden.

Swietenia mahagoni, West Indian Mahogany
Swietenia mahagoni, West Indian Mahogany
Swietenia mahagoni, West Indian Mahogany

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