Malpighia coccigera (Miniature Holly) is a South American native shrub native to West Indies that can reach 5-10 ft. in height. It produces showy flowers of pink, white, and off-white colors that appear all summer long. Ornamental foliage with spiny or thorny edges make this species a perfect choice for a bonsai plant.
The plant grows best in full sun or semi-shade, with moderate amounts of water.
In order for the Malpighia coccigera to thrive, it should be planted in well-drained soil that is somewhat acidic in nature. During hot, dry spells, the plant should be monitored regularly for signs of dehydration. Watering should be done every 7-10 days during these times. To get the best performance, fertilizing should be done twice a year and pruning should be done during the spring and summer months.
Malpighia coccigera is suitable for USDA Zones 9-11. In colder climates, the plant should be planted in a pot. During winter the pot must be kept in a sheltered location to protect the plant from extreme temperatures.