Maclura pomifera (Osage Orange) is a deciduous tree and can grow to a size of more than 20 ft high and wide, with a spreading canopy. It is a dominant species in many areas of the central and eastern United States, preferring deep and fertile soils on the banks or flood plains of streams. It also grows in USDA zones 5-10, making it a great choice for many southern gardens.
Its fragrant blossoms are yellow-green in color and are followed by the large, apple-sized, green fruit. Osage Orange is a great choice for providing large areas of deep shade and is an ethnomedical plant that has been used for centuries. The native Americans used the tree for its bark and fruit, as well as for its aromatic wood.
When it comes to growing and caring for Osage Orange, it is an easy tree to care for, preferring full sun and regular water. In moderately dry conditions it can handle most soils that are well-draining, and can flourish in a range of soil pH levels.
When it comes to cold climates, mature plants are usually cold hardy, while younger plants may be killed or damaged in a severe freeze. For cold regions, it is best to grow them in pots and protect them from direct exposure to severe winter weather. It is also important to ensure that soil is well-draining, because winter waterlogging can kill a plant, regardless of its hardiness.
Finally, if you're looking for a reliable and fast-growing tree for your yard, Osage Orange is an excellent choice. It can provide great shade in both warm and cold climates, and its unique fruit makes it an interesting addition to any garden. With its deep root system, it can also help prevent soil erosion, making it a great choice for erosion control projects.