Gnetum gnemon, Melindjo. Gnetum gnemon female strobilus
Gnetum gnemon female strobilus

Gnetum gnemon

Family: Gnetaceae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Small tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunRegular waterEdible plant

Gnetum gnemon is native to Southeast Asia and is becoming a popular tree for its edible deliciousness. This small tree can grow to around 10-20 feet in height and is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-11. It can tolerate full sun and semi shade, and needs regular watering.

For smaller environments, the tree can easily be grown in a pot. In cold regions, to care for Gnetum gnemon in pots, it's best to keep the pot sheltered, such as in a space near a wall or under an overhang to protect it from the cold. You can use a thick layer of wood chip or mulch to cover the soil and add extra insulation.

The attractive fruit of Gnetum gnemon is a spongy, envelope-like structure typically about five centimetres long and two centimetres wide. Inside, it contains one large, non-edible seed surrounded by a thin layer of edible flesh. The fruits can come in a variety of colors and can produce a large number of fruits per tree. It is known in Asia for its sweet taste and crunchy texture. The seeds of this tree can also be eaten, generally deep-fried or processed into a flour to make biscuits or crackers.

Rich in antioxidants, Gnetum gnemon can be an incredibly healthy addition to your diet. It contains a good amount of dietary fibre and is rich in micronutrients, vitamins and minerals. Some of the important minerals found in the fruit include zinc, calcium, phosphorus, and iron. It's also a good source of vitamin C and carotenoids, which can keep your skin healthy and glowing.

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