Genipa americana, Genipa, Huito, Marmelade Box

Genipa americana

Genipa, Huito, Marmelade Box
Family: Rubiaceae
Origin: Amazonia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunRegular waterEdible plantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
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Genipa americana is cultivated for its edible fruit, which are made into drinks, jelly, sherbet and used in ice cream.

It is also useful for treatment of candiru (The vampire fish of Brazil -Vandellia cirrhosa) attacks. South American Indians bathe their legs in the clear liquid obtained from the fruit. The liquid has a stringent effect. Furthermore it stains the skin black. These stains disappear after about a fortnight. As South Americans Indians went into battle, they used to paint themselves with Genipa juice and anatto.

The fruit is brewed into a tea and taken as a remedy for bronchitis.

Common Names in Amazonia:

Huitol; Witu (Shuti); Acuisho (Huayraya); Caruto; Chibará; Chipará; Genipa; Genipapo; Granado; Ana (Machiguenga, Ashaninka, Nomachiguenga); Guayapay; Huitoc, Huitu, Huito sua, Huito de agua; Isso (Piro); Jagua; Janipa (Cocama); Jave (Yagua); Jigua, Juaraavuro (Ocaina); Jidoro (Huitoto); Lana, Launa, Totumillo, Bilito; Cafecillo denta, Xagua; Mayagua; Guaricha (Venezuela); Guayatil colorado; Nané; Guayatil; Carcarutoto; Caruto revalsero; Mandipa (Portuguese); Nandipa (Guyana and Argentina); Guaitil (Bolivia); Nanu (Amahuaca); Nandi y Nane (Shipibo-Conibo); Palo colorado; Pigio; Piginio; Sua (Aguaruna); Vitoc; Vito; Yacohuito; ZXaguo; Yayuhuito; Zapote de monte; Nandé (Amahuaca); Akui sho y Kuikuisho (Ese Eja); Nso (Piro-Yine); Tapuripa (Surinam)

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