Pictogram Guide · Mouse over pictogram for definition

Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Peacock Flower, Barbados Pride, Dwarf Poinciana, Barbados Flower-fence, Gold Mohur

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Peacock Flower, Barbados Pride, Dwarf Poinciana, Barbados Flower-fence, Gold Mohur
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: West Indies and tropical America
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow, orange flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersThorny or spinyPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsDeciduous plantIrritating plantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Peacock flower lives up to its name with incredibly showy blossoms of orange and red. The striking flowers are an attention grabber! Evergreen shrub or small tree in frost free climates, a deciduous shrub in zone 9, and a returning perennial in zone 8. In the tropics it gets 15-20' tall and its ungainly, wide spreading branches can cover about the same width. In cultivation the peacock flower is usually 8-12' tall, growing that large even after freezing to the ground the previous winter. The stem, branches and petioles are armed with sharp spines and the leaves are fernlike and twice compound, with many small, oval leaflets. The flowers are bowl shaped, 2-3" across, with five crinkled, unequal red and orange petals, and ten prominent bright red stamens that extend way beyond the corolla. The flowers are borne in terminal clusters 8-10" tall throughout most of the year in tropical climates and in late summer and fall where frosts occur. There also are forms with yellow and forms with dark red flowers. The fruits, typical legumes, are flat, 3-4" long, and when ripe they split open noisily to expose the little brown beans. Very easy to grow in alkaline to acidic, well-drained soils. This is a fast growin plant. It is moderately tolerant of salty conditions. Peaccock flower benefits from pruning, and can be shaped to tree form or shrubby bush form. Use peacock flower as a specimen or in a mixed shrub border. It has an open, spreading habit and the branches sometimes get too long for their own good and break off. Still, a line of peacock flowers makes a showy fine-textured screen or informal hedge. You can cut peacock flower to the ground in late winter or early spring to get a bushier, more compact shrub.


Caesalpinia pulcherrima Compton

Caesalpinia pulcherrima var. flava

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Lemon Lace

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Mexican Flame

Caesalpinia pulcherrima var. rosea

Similar plants:

More similar plants

Link to this plant:

Caesalpinia pulcherrima - Red Dwarf Poinciana, Bird of Paradise

Pride of Barbados, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock flower,...  more

Recommended Fertilizer: SUNSHINE Megaflor - Bloom Nutrition Booster
This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
10"/3 gal pot
In stock

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (red) - seeds

Peacock flower, Dwarf Poinciana. Peacock flower lives...  more
Ordering seeds info

Seed Germination Mix #3, professional grade
SUNSHINE-Epi - Seeds and cuttings booster
SUNSHINE Bombino - Young Plant Booster
Per pack: 6 seeds
7 Packs in stock