Asimina triloba, Pawpaw, American Custard Apple, West Virginia Banana, Indiana Banana

Asimina triloba

Pawpaw, American Custard Apple, West Virginia Banana, Indiana Banana
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: North America
USDA Zone: 5-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterEdible plantDeciduous plantSubtropical or temperate zone plant. Mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Deciduous tree growing to about 30 feet, with large drooping leaves and curious flowers of disagreeable odor opening in the spring before the leaves. The fruit is 3"-5" long and is almost black when ripe, with a highly aromatic flavor. The fruit tastes like mix of papaya and banana and is often called an Indian banana. The name pawpaw comes from the Arawakan Indian name for the papaya. Grows as far north as New York and southern Ontario, out west as far as Nebraska and Texas, and south to Florida. The young plant is very sensitive to full sunlight and requires filtered sun for the first year or two. The use of tree shelters is an ideal solution to the problem, permitting the plant to receive a full day of filtered sunlight. Once established, pawpaws prefer full sun. The large dangling leaves dislike strong winds. Pawpaws do best in deep, fertile soil that is moist, but well-drained and slightly acid (pH 5-7).

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