Each plant forms a small clump, usually up to 10-12 inches in diameter. The leaves are small, about 1 inch in length, and have three leaflets. The yellow or orange flowers form in clusters at the top of the stems and are about 1 inch in diameter. The fruits are legumes and contain two or three seeds in each pod. The seeds are smooth and shiny, with a golden color when ripe.
Arachis glabrata is native to South America and is considered a low-growing, 2 ft tall groundcover. It can also be used as a small shrub if allowed to grow to 2-5 ft tall. For best results, plant in a sunny to semi-shaded location. The plant requires regular water during growing season, and moderate water during winter and summer months.
In areas where the cold winter temperatures drop to 30s F for a short time, Arachis glabrata should be grown in a pot that can be moved outdoors during the summer months and indoors during winter months. The plant should be placed in a sunny area and given plenty of water. However, it should be protected from extreme cold temperatures with a cold frame or well-insulated growing container.
Arachis glabrata is hardy in USDA Zones 8-11 and requires minimal maintenance once established. Regular pruning of the stems and removal of dead or diseased leaves is recommended. With proper care and maintenance, this attractive ground cover or small shrub can bring beauty and color to any garden.