TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Agave americana, Century plant

Agave americana

Century plant
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexican highlands
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsThorny or spiny

The genus of more than 200 species of rosette-forming, mostly monocarpic, or sometimes perennial succulents from the desert and mountainous regions of the Americas. The most popular Agave is the Century Plant, so-called because of the mistaken belief that it flowers only once every 100 years. There are two colorful varietis - Agava americana marginata (green leaves edged with yellow) and Agava americana mediopicta (cream leaves edged with green). These plants produce leaves 3 or 4 feet long, and their size makes them unsuitable for an ordinary room. In winter watering this plant can be done once every 1-2 months, there is no need to mist the leaves.





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Agave amica, Polianthes tuberosa, Tuberose

Agave amica, Polianthes tuberosa

Tuberose
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexico
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The Tuberose grows in elongated spikes up to 45 cm (18 in) long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of the spike. It has long, bright green leaves clustered at the base of the plant and smaller, clasping leaves along the stem.

Tuberose may grow wild in Mexico and surrounding countries, but the cultivation of tuberose is usually in Morocco, the Comores Islands, France, Hawaii, South Africa, India, and China.

Long-lasting as a cut flower in water (with lots of changes.)Most flowers begin to lose their scent when they are picked. Not so with tuberose, like jasmine, the heady floral scent continues to produce itself. In Ayurvedic medicine, attars are held in high esteem not only for their exquisite fragrance, but their healing properties. Tuberose is known to improve one's capacity for emotional depth.

See Article about Polianthes tuberosat.





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Polianthes tuberosa (Agave amica) - Tuberose Shringar

The Tuberose grows in elongated spikes up to 45 cm long that produce clusters of fragrant waxy white flowers that bloom from the bottom towards the top of the spike. It has long, bright green leaves clustered at the base of the plant and smaller, clasping leaves along the stem.
Long-lasting as a cut flower in water. Most flowers begin to lose their scent when they are picked. Not so with tuberose, like jasmine, the heady floral scent continues to produce itself. In Ayurvedic medicine, attars are held in high esteem not only for their exquisite fragrance but their healing properties. Tuberose is known to improve one's capacity for emotional depth.
See Article about this plant.

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Agave angustifolia Marginata, Agave marginata, Agave Maguey Lechugilla

Agave angustifolia Marginata, Agave marginata

Agave Maguey Lechugilla
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexico
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunDry conditionsOrnamental foliageThorny or spiny

Agave angustifolia Marginata, more commonly known as the Agave Maguey Lechugilla, is a small shrub native to Mexico. This spiny or thorny succulent is popular for its ornamental foliage and grows between 2-5 feet in full sun, and in dry conditions. This is a hardy succulent, suitable for use in xeriscaping and is grown in USDA zone 9-11.

Agave Maguey Lechugilla, like most succulents, will produce best results in well-draining soil. Watering should be done sparingly and with care, as too much water can lead to the plant's death. When water is necessary, it should be done deep and slow. During the winter months, when growth is at a minimum, water should be reduced even more.

In cold regions, where freezing temperatures are expected, the best way to grow Agave Maguey Lechugilla is in a pot. Containers should also ensure adequate drainage, and during the hot summer months should be moved to a sunny spot outdoors and brought inside during winter.

Overall, the Agave Maguey Lechugilla is an attractive and hardy plant. When growing conditions are provided and cared for, the plant will grow to a maximum of 5 feet. Foliage is normally very ornamental, and is sure to be a winning addition to any xeriscape or cacti garden.




Link to this plant:
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Agave attenuata, Fox Tail Agave, Swan's Neck Agave

Agave attenuata

Fox Tail Agave, Swan's Neck Agave
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexico
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow, orange flowersThorny or spiny

Native to the tropical climates of Mexico, Agave attenuata (Fox Tail Agave) is a small shrub that grows between 2 - 5 feet. It prefers full sun to light shade, and requires moderate wateringthough it doesn't tolerate overly wet conditions. It prefers to grow in dry, well-draining soils. The plant is renowned for its light grey-green wavy-edged leaves with a hint of ivory powder. Fox Tail Agave's short, flowering stems emerge from the heart of the plant in summer or fall and produce yellow or orange clusters of fragrant flowers. The spiny or thorny leaves help to deter browsing animals and offer a unique addition to gardens and landscapes.

Agave attenuata is an excellent home garden choice because it is low-maintenance, drought tolerant and can survive in a range of conditions. In addition, it can be grown in USDA Hardiness Zones 9-11 with minimal care. However, if you are located in a colder region and plan to grow this plant in a pot, you should move it indoors during the winter months to protect it from the frost. As long as you ensure your Fox Tail Agave has plenty of sun and water it should thrive in your garden or home.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/agave_attenuata.htm

Agave neglecta, Small agave

Agave neglecta

Small agave
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Origin: Florida
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsThorny or spiny

Agave neglecta has been regarded as endemic to Florida, but is now treated as the same species as the Mexican Agave weberi and only naturalized in Florida through human agency.



Agave neglecta, Small agave
Agave neglecta, Small agave


Link to this plant:
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Agave sp., Agave
Agave desmettiana

Agave sp.

Agave
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexico
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Thorny or spiny

Agaves are rosette plants that live for many several years before flowering. Each rosette will flower only once, then die. The English common name, Century Plant, is based on the mistaken belief that the plants grow for 100 years before blooming. In fact, some of the smaller species flower when only 3 to 4 years old. The larger species may live for 40 to 50 years before flowering. They may be planted outdoors in mild climates, especially those that are desert and semi-desert; otherwise, they may be grown in a greenhouse and when small as houseplants. In regions with harsh winters, Agaves may be planted outdoors in the summer and brought in during the winter. The sizes of the Agaves vary from 6 inches to 15 feet wide between the species.

Species and varieties:

Agave americana

Agave angustifolia

Agave attenuata

Agave avellanidens

Agave Blue Jazz

Agave celsii

Agave desmettiana

Agave eduardi

Agave ferox

Agave guttata

Agave isthmensis

Agave leopoldii

Agave lophantha

Agave neglecta

Agave parrasana

Agave parryi

Agave potatorum

Agave schottii

Agave sisalana

Agave stricta

Agave tequilana

Agave toumeyana

Agave victoriae reginae

Agave vilmoriniana





Link to this plant:
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Agave tequilana, Tequila Agave, Century Plant
Blooming...

Agave tequilana

Tequila Agave, Century Plant
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Agavaceae / Amaryllidaceae)
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Origin: Mexico
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunDry conditionsOrnamental foliageThorny or spiny

Tequila Agave, Century Plant. Agave tequilana, commonly called blue agave (agave azul) or tequila agave, is an agave plant that is an important economic product of Jalisco, Mexico, due to its role as the base ingredient of tequila, a popular distilled beverage. The high production of sugars, mostly fructose, in the core of the plant is the main characteristic that makes it suitable for the preparation of alcoholic beverages. Great addition to cactus - rock gardens - ethno-botanical collections. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. Grows fairly fast in summer if provided with extra water.



Agave tequilana, Tequila Agave, Century Plant
Agave tequilana, Tequila Agave, Century Plant
Agave tequilana, Tequila Agave, Century Plant
Agave tequilana, Tequila Agave, Century Plant


Link to this plant:
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Albuca spiralis , Frizzle Sizzle, Corkscrew Albuca

Albuca spiralis

Frizzle Sizzle, Corkscrew Albuca
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Hyacinthaceae / Liliaceae)
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Zone: 8-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCaudexCan be used for bonsaiGroundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeModerate waterFragrant

Albuca spiralis or Frizzle Sizzle, also known as the Corkscrew Albuca, is a unique and easy-to-grow plant native to South Africa. With green onion-like leaves that appear curled, each plant has its own distinct personality. It can reach between 2 to 5 feet tall with a spread of 5 to 10 feet, making it suitable for use as a groundcover or low-growing border. It also looks great in rock walls, perennial beds, and cottage gardens and can even be used for bonsai training.

In the spring, the plant produces spikes of orchid-like chartreuse-yellow flowers that have a light vanilla fragrance. It may occasionally rebloom later in the season. Frizzle Sizzle is hardy in USDA Zone 8-10, or it can be grown as a houseplant in colder regions. Just be sure to bring it indoors if the temperature drops below freezing. To care for this plant, give it lots of sun and well-draining soil, and allow the soil to dry out between waterings, similar to how you would care for a succulent.

Frizzle Sizzle is an ideal plant for home gardens as it is low maintenance and has no pest or disease problems. In colder climates, it can be overwintered indoors on a sunny window sill or allowed to go dormant by stopping watering and storing in a cool, dry location. So if you're looking for a fun and eye-catching plant that's easy to grow, consider adding Frizzle Sizzle to your collection.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/albuca_spiralis.htm

Arthropodium cirrhatum, Renga Lily, Rock-lily

Arthropodium cirrhatum

Renga Lily, Rock-lily
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Laxmanniaceae)
Subfamily: Lomandroideae
Origin: New Zealand
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

It is evergreen with small white flowers in early summer. This plant was possibly formerly cultivated for its edible root by the Maoris, the root grows larger under cultivation.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/arthropodium_cirrhatum.htm

Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus Fern, Foxtail Fern, Sprenger's Asparagus
Asparagus aethiopicus 'Sprengeri'

Asparagus aethiopicus

Asparagus Fern, Foxtail Fern, Sprenger's Asparagus
Family: Asparagaceae    (Formerly:Asparagaceae / Hyacinthaceae / Liliaceae)
Subfamily: Asparagoideae
Origin: South Africa
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Asparagus aethiopicus has been confused with Asparagus densiflorus, now regarded as a separate species, so that information about A. aethiopicus will often be found under the name A. densiflorus.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/asparagus_aethiopicus.htm
 
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