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This species is similar to Syzygium zeylanicum however it differs in size (bigger tree), leaves are dark glossy green on topside with longer petioles and the white fruits are slightly smaller than those of Syzygium zeylanicum.
The fruit is a fleshy yellow or red berry which is bell shaped, waxy and crisp.
The Latin word clavus means 'nail shaped', referring to the bud. The dried flower buds of this tree are the cloves of commerce and used medicinally for countless things. All parts of the tree are highly aromatic.
Cloves are an ancient spice and, because of their exceptional aromatic strength, have always been held in high esteem by cooks in Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. The tree is endemic in the North Moluccas (Indonesia). After the end of the Dutch monopoly (18th century), clove trees were introduced to other countries for cultivation. The first recorded use of cloves is by the Chinese in the 1st century B.C. In China. They were not only used for cooking but also for deodorization. During the Han dynasty (207 B. C. to 220 A. D.) those who addressed the Chinese emperor were required to hold cloves in their mouths to mask bad breath. The active ingredient, Eugenol, is still used to flavor the tooth paste. Arab traders brought cloves to Europe in the time of the Romans. At that time cloves were still very expensive. Clove first arrived in Europe around the 4th century A.D. as a highly coveted luxury.
The most important production area today is the island of Pemba near Zanzibar in Tanzania. The whole island of Pemba is covered with clove gardens, and it is reported that the island can be smelled on any ship approaching it.
In Europe cloves are used for special types of sweets or sweet breads, and for stewed fruits. Plain rice is often flavored by one or two cloves. In France, cloves often go into meat stews or broths. In England, they are most popular in pickles. Indonesians are the main consumers of cloves and use up nearly 50 percent of the world's production, not for cooking but rather for smoking. Cigarettes flavored with cloves (kretek) are extremely popular and nearly every Indonesian enjoys them. Their sweet, incense-like aroma pervades Indonesian restaurants, buses, markets and offices.
Clove is much used in perfumes, liqueurs, and love potions. It has antiseptic properties and was used in the prevention of contagious diseases, such as the Plaque. Traditional Chinese physicians have long used the plant to treat almost everything. India's traditional Ayurvedic healers have used clove since ancient times to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. The medieval German herbalists used cloves as part of anti-gout mixture. Contemporary herbalists recommend clove for digestive complaints and its oil for toothache. However, clove oil shouldn't be used in massaging or in baths, it may irritate the skin.
Clove is an ultra-tropical small size tree which will not survive temperatures below 50F. It requires a humid, warm tropical climate with lots of water year-round. It can be grown in greenhouse outside of tropics. Indoor cultivation is problematic mostly because of lack of air humidity that this plant needs for successful growth.
Syzygium campanulatum or Wild Cinnamon is a small tree native to Southeast Asia, growing about 10-20 feet in height. It's a perfect choice for those looking for an attractive, fragrant ornamental tree. It is a sun-loving tree, requiring full sun exposure, and regular water.
The tree produces an abundance of white, off-white flowers, often tinged with red and crimson, or vinous. These fragrant flowers are a sight to behold, emitting an unmistakable cinnamon scent.
Wild Cinnamon is typically grown in hardiness zones 9-11, making it a great choice if you live in one of these zones. It grows well in soil that is both well-drained and slightly acidic. The tree prefers a mildly acidic soil pH of 6-6.5, but it is quite tolerant of a wide range of soil pH.
When planted in a pot, Wild Cinnamon can survive in colder climates. It needs regular watering, at least 2-3 times a week, to ensure that the soil does not dry out completely. Also, make sure to keep the soil cold, as the tree prefers temperatures between 55-65°F. You can also protect the tree in cold months by using mulch and insulating fabrics to guard it against frost.
The Wild Cinnamon tree is an excellent choice as an ornamental tree, providing fragrant flowers and leafy smell of cinnamon. With proper care and maintenance, this small tree is sure to make a great addition to any garden.
Berry purple reaching 2cm diameter.
Native to India, Nepal, Pakistan and Indonesia, this tree was introduced to Florida, USA in 1911. Now also grows abundantly in Suriname and has been introduced to many different places where it has been utilized as a fruit producer, as an ornamental and also for its timber (the wood is strong and water resistant). In favorable conditions, this plant has the ability to form a dense cover, excluding all other species which has allowed it to become invasive in Hawaii.
According to Hindu tradition, Rama subsisted on the fruit in the forest for 14 years during his exile from Ayodhya. Because of this, many Hindus regard Jambul as a 'fruit of the gods'. In Hindu mythology Lord Krishna has been described as having skin the color of Jambul. The leaves are used in India as marriage pendals.
A fairly fast growing species, in native conditions it can reach heights of up to 80ft and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. Large oblong leaves are smooth, glossy, with a turpentine smell.
The tree starts flowering from March to April. The small flowers in branched clusters are fragrant. The fruit develops by May-June and resembles a large berry, starting green, then turns pink to shining crimson black as it matures. The flesh has a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavor and tends to color the tongue purple. The fruit is eaten raw, and may be made into tarts, sauces and jams. Good quality Jambul juice is excellent for sherbet, sirup and "squash", an Indian drink. In Goa and the Philippines, it is an important source of wine, somewhat like Port, and the distilled liquors, brandy and "jambava" have also been made from the fermented fruit. The juice can also be made into Vinegar. The Jambul tree is of real value in apiculture. The flowers have abundant nectar, and the honey is of fine quality. The essential oil distilled from the leaves is used to scent soap and is blended with other materials in making inexpensive perfume.
The fruit has a high source in vitamin A and vitamin C, and has received recognition in folk medicine and in the pharmaceutical trade. The seeds, leaves and bark are also used in various alternative healing systems like Ayurveda and Chinese medicine.
The tree occurs in the tropical and sub-tropical climates under a wide range of environmental conditions and can thrive on a variety of soils. Jambul grows easy in sub-tropics and tolerates cooler winters. It is sensitive to frost when young but mature trees have been undamaged by brief below-freezing temperatures. It prospers on river banks and has been known to withstand prolonged flooding, yet it is tolerant of drought as well. Dry weather is even more desirable during the flowering and fruiting periods. The seedlings starts fruiting in 4-7 years.
The edible fruit is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use.
Rose Apple is a popular fruit native to Southeast Asia. The beautiful blossoms contain hundreds of showy stamens. The crisp and juicy fruits are very distinctly rose scented and highly prized for jellies and confections. The plant is easy to grow, moderately cold hardy and tolerates poor soils. Makes an attractive, wide-spreading shade tree as well as compact and bushy container fruiting plant.
See our video about Rose Apple.
Syzygium luehmannii, also known as Small Leaved Lilly Pilly, is a native plant to Australia. This small tree grows between 10-20 ft in height and can be used for bonsai. It prefers full sun to semi-shade and requires regular water, although it can tolerate moderate water. White to off-white flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds from further distances. Grown in USDA Zone 9-11, this tree can be grown in both pot and soil in cold regions.
The fruit of the Syzygium luehmannii is edible and have a sweet-tart flavor. The fruit is full of antioxidants and can be used to make jams and preserves. As a healthy snack, the fruit can be eaten straight or used in salads or other recipes. Depending on the size, a single Syzygium luehmannii tree can produce between 10-20 pounds of fruit per year.
When growing the Syzygium luehmannii, it is important to protect it from the midday sun and provide regular water. It is also important to prune regularly, especially in the spring months, to maintain a desired shape. To enhance the fruits production, adding organic matter such as manure or compost to the soil will help the plant flower and produce fruit.