TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Acmena smithii, Lilly Pilly

Acmena smithii

Lilly Pilly
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

The Lilly Pilly is fairly hardy and needs only a subtropical climate to flourish. Protection should be given from long or hard freezes. Plants enjoy profuse amounts of water, but will grow in drier areas. They grow best in areas of light sun or shade. Flowers are small and fluffy, with a creamy, white color. Flowering is generally Spring, and is followed by large bunches of the fruit which ripen a couple of months later.



Acmena smithii, Lilly Pilly
Acmena smithii, Lilly Pilly
Acmena smithii, Lilly Pilly
Acmena smithii, Lilly Pilly


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/acmena_smithii.htm

Actinodium cunninghamii, Swamp Daisy

Actinodium cunninghamii

Swamp Daisy
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Western Australia
Small plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsWhite, off-white flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Actinodium cunninghamii, also known as the Swamp Daisy, is a small plant that can grow up to 2-5 ft in height. A native to Western Australia, it is an evergreen shrub that is popular for its white and off-white flowers. In rare cases the flowers may bloom in a range of colors including red, crimson and vinous.

This small flower is also popular for its ability to attract butterflies and hummingbirds. It is tolerant of both dry and moderately wet environments. To grow well, Actinodium cunninghameii needs good soil drainage and should be watered regularly. It is tolerant of both full sun and semi-shade but it is important to ensure that it is kept moist in warm climates.

Actinodium Cunninghameii is hardy to USDA Zone 9-11. In cooler climates, it should be planted in a sheltered area to protect it from cold winds and frost. If container planting in a colder climate it is important to keep the soil moist but not too wet. A mulch can be used to help keep the roots from getting too cold in the winter.

Overall,Actinodium cunninghameii is a low-maintenance species that is suitable for a wide range of climates. With good soil drainage and enough sunlight, it will thrive in both warm and cold climates. Its easy to care for nature makes it an ideal choice for gardeners looking to add some colorful variety to their garden.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/actinodium_cunninghamii.htm

Agonis flexuosa, Willow Myrtle, Western Australian Peppermint

Agonis flexuosa

Willow Myrtle, Western Australian Peppermint
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
USDA Zone: 8-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Native to Western Australia, this small tree is excellent for small urban spaces, growing 10-20 ft in height and 6-15 ft in spread. It has an upright habit with an open, sparse crown. Agonis flexuosa (Willow Myrtle) has an attractive foliage of broad green leaves with a smooth texture. In summer, the tree is covered with white to off-white, fragrant flowers that attract bees and other beneficial insects. When blooming, its flowers give the tree a soft, romantic look.

This is a hardy drought-tolerant tree - once established, it only needs moderate amounts of water compared to other trees. Agonis flexuosa can tolerate salt, making it suitable for seaside gardens or areas exposed to salt spray. It performs best in full sun to semi-shade and is frost-hardy, growing well in USDA Zone 8-11.

When planting Agonis flexuosa, the soil should be well-drained, not too heavy and with a neutral pH. If you choose to grow it in a pot, you should use a well-draining potting mix, water frequently and add a layer of mulch as it helps to keep the roots cool and moist. In cold regions, it's best to keep the pot in a sheltered or sunny spot during the winter months to protect it from frost and cold winds.

Overall, Agonis flexuosa is a low-maintenance, versatile species that adds beauty and texture to any garden. Its fragrant flowers, attractive foliage and hardiness make it an ideal choice for temperate gardens that require a small, hardy tree.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/agonis_flexuosa.htm

Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata , Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum

Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata

Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Eastern Australia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowers

The genus Angophora is very close to Eucalyptus, and can be distinguished easily by its opposite leaves. The old bark is shed in spring in large flakes with the new salmon-pink bark turning to pale grey before the next shedding. The tree has a handsome, rugged ornamental appearance and its young red tips are often used in floral arrangements.



Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata , Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum
Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata , Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum
Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata , Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum
Angophora costata, Angophora lanceolata , Smooth-barked apple, Rose Gum, Rose Apple, Sydney Red Gum


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/angophora_costata.htm

Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa, Liniment Tree, Waria-waria Tree

Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa

Liniment Tree, Waria-waria Tree
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia, New Guinea
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterYellow, orange flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Seaside, salt tolerant plant

Plant produces therapeutic essential oils similar to Eucalyptus oil.



Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa, Liniment Tree, Waria-waria Tree
Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa, Liniment Tree, Waria-waria Tree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/asteromyrtus_symphyocarpa.htm

Baeckea latens, Baeckea

Baeckea latens

Baeckea
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowers

They are small shrubs closely resembling Leptospermum.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/baeckea_latens.htm

Beaufortia sparsa, Swamp bottlebrush

Beaufortia sparsa

Swamp bottlebrush
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Western Australia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterDry conditionsRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Beaufortia sparsa is a small to medium shrub to about 2 - 3 metres high. The leaves are oval shaped and about 10 mm long, bright green in color. The orange to red flower clusters occur towards the ends of the branches, their size and color making for a spectacular sight. Plants are more successful in drier climates. The species should be grown in well drained conditions in full sun or dappled shade and it is tolerant of at least moderate frost.



Beaufortia sparsa, Swamp bottlebrush


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/beaufortia_sparsa.htm

Blepharocalyx salicifolius, Eugenia salicifolia, Murta

Blepharocalyx salicifolius, Eugenia salicifolia

Murta
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Brazil
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowers

Blepharocalyx salicifolius, Eugenia salicifolia, Murta
Blepharocalyx salicifolius, Eugenia salicifolia, Murta


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/blepharocalyx_salicifolius.htm

Callistemon comboynensis, Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne Bottlbrush

Callistemon comboynensis

Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne Bottlbrush
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

This small Callistemon species is a spreading shrub 2-3 m high x 1-2 m wide. It has copper colored new growth, the leaves are narrow and elliptical to 8 cm. Flowers are usually dull red brushes 5-9 x 4-8 cm. Best growth is attained in full sun. Soil needs are sand, loam, clay, damp, well drained, acid, neutral, alkaline. Prune after flowering, moderately frost tolerant. Attractive container plant.

Propagate from seed or cuttings.



Callistemon comboynensis, Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne Bottlbrush
Callistemon comboynensis, Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne Bottlbrush
Callistemon comboynensis, Cliff Bottlebrush, Comboyne Bottlbrush


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/callistemon_comboynensis.htm

Callistemon sp., Bottlebrush

Callistemon sp.

Bottlebrush
Family: Myrtaceae
Origin: Australia
USDA Zone: 7-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

Withstands extended waterlogging and limited dry periods. Very showy. The flower spikes of bottlebrushes form in spring and summer and are made up of a number of individual flowers. The pollen of the flower forms on the tip of a long colored stalk called a filament. It is these filaments which give the flower spike its color and distinctive 'bottlebrush' shape. The filaments are usually yellow or red, sometimes the pollen also adds a bright yellow flush to the flower spikes. Each flower produces a small woody fruit containing hundreds of tiny seeds. These fruits form in clusters along the stem, and are usually held on the plant for many years. The seeds are usually not released from the fruits for several years, but in some species the fruits open after about a year. Fire also stimulates the opening of the fruits in some bottlebrushes. The new leaves of many bottlebrushes are very ornamental. The leaves are often colored and, in some species, they are covered with fine, soft hairs. Bottlebrushes make excellent garden plants. The flowers can be spectacular and are irresistible to nectar-feeding birds and insects. Most species are frost tolerant. They grow well in a wide variety of soils, except those which are highly alkaline. Plants grown in full sun produce the best flowers. Plants can be lightly pruned after flowering to keep them in shape. A low-phosphorous fertilizer should be applied in spring and autumn. Mulching will help retain soil moisture and reduce weed growth. Many cultivars have been selected from natural variants and hybrids between species. Some of these are very good garden plants. Other species: Callistemon brachyandrus, Prickly Bottlebrush - the tips of the small red flower-spikes are covered in yellow pollen. Callistemon formosus, Kingaroy Bottlebrush -lemon-colored flower . Callistemon salignus, Willow Bottlebrush - the flower-spikes are generally white or greenish but pink, red and mauve forms can be found. Callistemon subulatus- this compact shrub grows from 1 to 9Ft tall . Callistemon subulatus is a freely flowering plant which produces red flower spikes over summer.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/callistemon_sp.htm

Callistemon Little John - Dwarf Bottlebrush

Dwarf Bottlebrush, Popular plant in dwarf version. Good for container growing or small garden. Small shrub 2-3 ft tall with showy bright red flowers during spring-summer. Drought tolerant once established.
See Article about this plant.

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