TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 35     Next    Go to page:  1  2  3  4

Piper aduncum, Piper angustifolium, Piper elongatum, Spiked Pepper, Higuillo de Hoja, Matico

Piper aduncum, Piper angustifolium, Piper elongatum

Spiked Pepper, Higuillo de Hoja, Matico
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South and Central America
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Small tree to 7 m tall, with short silt roots and soft, brittle wood; foliage and twigs aromatic. Branches erect, but with drooping twigs and swollen, purplish nodes. Leaves alternate, distichous, elliptic, 12-22 cm long, shortly petiolate; lamina scabrid above, with sunken nerves, softly hairy beneath. Inflorescence a leaf-opposed, curved spike on a 12-17 cm peduncle, white to pale yellow, turning green with maturity. Flowers crowded in regular transverse ranks. Fruit a 1-seeded berry, blackish when ripe.

Used as a aromatic stimulant, against gonorrhea, leukorrhea, piles, hemorrhages and dyspepsia.

Propagation: seeds and cuttings.

Culture: full sun / light shade, sandy loam soil, needs high humidity.

Plant in frost free areas.





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Piper auritum, Root Beer Plant, Mexican Pepperleaf, Hoja Santa , Veracruz Pepper, False Kava-Kava, Sacred Pepper

Piper auritum

Root Beer Plant, Mexican Pepperleaf, Hoja Santa , Veracruz Pepper, False Kava-Kava, Sacred Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Mexico through Colombia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistRegular waterIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbInvasiveSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Close relative of Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and Piper nigrum (Black Pepper), this herb originated from Tropical America and grows also in the South Pacific. Large-leaved perennial, known for its leaves, which are used for their spicy aromatic scent and flavor, some liken to root beer, others to anise-clove. This species is easily identified by its huge leaves which can grow over a foot long in older specimens. Plants will grow out from roots so it can spread in ideal conditions. Flowers are long, skinny, white, and fuzzy looking. They may be borne in season. The plant doesn't usually form many fruits outside of its native range. The leaves are chopped and used for flavoring, as well as used whole, as wrappings for meats, tamales, etc.

P. auritum is very often confused with Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and probably has some similar effects. According to other sources, it can be poisonous. Explorer Captain James Cook, who gave this plant the botanical name of "intoxicating pepper", first discovered the true kava kava. Kava has been used for over 3,000 years for its medicinal effects as a sedative, muscle relaxant, diuretic, and as a remedy for nervousness and insomnia. It has been used in parts of the Pacific at traditional social gatherings as a relaxant and in cultural and religious ceremonies to achieve a higher level of consciousness. The roots can be made into a mildly narcotic beverage that is comparable to popular cocktails in our culture. Kava is now recognized by many doctors as an alternative to drugs like Xanax and Valium.

See Article about Piper.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_auritum.htm

Piper auritum - Root Beer Plant

Root Beer Plant, Acuyo, False Kava-Kava. Close relative of Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and Piper nigrum (Black Pepper), this herb originated from Tropical America and grows also in the South Pacific. Large-leaved perennial, known for its leaves, which are used for their spicy aromatic scent and flavor, some liken to root beer, others to anise-clove. This species is easily identified by its huge leaves which can grow over a foot long in older specimens. The leaves are chopped and used for flavoring, as well as used whole, as wrappings for meats, tamales, etc. P. auritum is very often confused with Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and probably has some similar effects.
See Article about this plant.

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Piper betle, Betel leaf

Piper betle

Betel leaf
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: India
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapVine or creeperFull sunShadeSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The plant grows widely over the entire area between South Arabia and Southeast China. It is a branching vine, that may climb as high as 10-15ft, although it often grows as an understory ground cover. The plant prefers warm, humid conditions, but can tolerate some drought. It is generally too tender to grow outside of the tropics. It is used in a number of traditional remedies for the treatment of stomach ailments, infections, and as a general tonic. It is often chewed in combination with the betel nut (Areca catechu), as a stimulatory. Some evidence suggests that betel leaves have immune boosting properties as well as anti-cancer properties. The essential oil is produced by steam distillation from the leaves of Piper Betle. Betel Leaf Oil is yellow to brown with an distinctly phenolic, almost tar-like or smoky. Leaves have long been used in Indonesia as traditional medicine. These leaves have antimicrobial activity towards bacteria in the mouth. Essential oils of the plant contained phenolic compounds. Throughout the balmy Asian tropics, great passion is accorded the chewing of the stimulating fruit of the Areca catechu palm known as betel nut. Traditionally prepared by chopping or slicing the areca nut, adding a bit of moistened lime to a Piper betle leaf and wrapping the nuts in ribbon-like strips of leaf to make a small packet known as a buyo. When one visits a household, the host will likely offer one of these buyos as a gesture of hospitality. Workers will often carry small boxes or bags of prepared betel much like the Peruvians carry coca leaves. Piper betle grows as a vigorous vine which is usually supported by a trellis of bamboo poles. The heart-shaped leaves are marvelously pungent and spicy. Makes as interesting container plant.

See Article about Piper.





Link to this plant:
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Piper betle - Betel leaf

Betel leaf - very popular Indian spice with medicinal properties. Great for wrapping food (similar to grape leaves). See Article about this plant.

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Piper blattarum, Higuillo

Piper blattarum

Higuillo
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Puerto Rico
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterSpice or herb

Piper blattarum, Higuillo
Piper blattarum, Higuillo


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Piper longum , Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper

Piper longum

Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunRegular waterSpice or herb

The species Piper longum is of South Asian origin (Deccan peninsular), whereas the closely related Piper retrofractum

comes from South East Asia and is mostly cultivated in Indonesia and Thailand. Long pepper is more pungent than black pepper.



Piper longum , Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper


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Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree

Piper magnificum

Lacquered Peppertree
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

With its rounded habit, Piper magnificum assumes an upright and stately look that gives the impression of a dome, or umbrella shaped shrub. It reaches a maximum height of 5-10 ft, with a spread of 7-12 ft, and it thrives best in areas that experience semi-shady sunlight.

When planting, water thoroughly and regularly to keep the soil from drying out. This plant needs moderate water and will do well in most soils, as long as it is well-draining and is reaching a full sun position. It will tolerate short periods of drought. To achieve the best shape and abundant blooms, prune the lacquered peppertree at least once a year.

The Piper magnificum is a USDA Zone 9-11 plant, that requires more attention during cold months. When planting in a pot, make sure to protect it from the cold weather by moving it close to your home, or to a sheltered spot in your garden. Place the pot in a sunny position, limiting direct exposure to sun during the hottest parts of the day, and keep its roots before temperatures drop. During winter, cover the pot with plastic sheeting or mulch. Water regularly, but make sure it is not overwatered.

To maximize flowering, youcan apply fertilizer to the soil every 4-6 weeks, or top up existing mulch with fresh mulch each spring. To keep it clean and attractive, prune away any dead branches, and pinch the stems that are out of shape. Keep an eye out for aphids or whiteflies, and gargle any encroaching weeds.

With minimal effort, you will be rewarded with a fiercely beautiful Piper magnificum, a large shrub that has a rounded and stately look that adds a natural charm to every garden.



Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_magnificum.htm

Piper methysticum, Kava, Kava-Kava

Piper methysticum

Kava, Kava-Kava
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Western Pacific
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Kava is both the common name and the beverage made from the root of Piper methysticum (family Piperaceae). Kava is native to Oceania, the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean, where it is used as a ritual drink.

This is a shrub about 6 feet high. The leaves are alternate, cordate, with a wavy, entire margin, and an abrupt, acute point. The petiole is about an inch long, dilated at the base, and furnished with linear, erect stipules. The veins are prominent, about 12, diverging from the base of the leaf-blade. The flowers are small, apetalous, and arranged on slender spikes. Those bearing male flowers are axillary and solitary. The female spikes are numerous. Female flowers are especially rare and do not produce fruit even when hand-pollinated. Its cultivation is entirely by propagation from stem cuttings.

Kava is consumed throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia and some parts of Micronesia for its sedating effects. Kava is an anxiolytic herbal medicine used in the treatment of sleep and anxiety disorders. Some cases of kava-induced hepatotoxicity have been reported in the literature leading to its banishment in most countries worldwide.



Piper methysticum, Kava, Kava-Kava


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_methysticum.htm

Piper nigrum, Pepper

Piper nigrum

Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Malabar, a region in the Western Coast of South India
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallVine or creeperShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herb

Pepper is cultivated since millennia. The wild form has not yet been unambigously identified, but there are closely related pepper species in South India and Burma. While black and white pepper were already known in antiquity, but green pepper (and even more, red pepper) is a recent invention. Black pepper, grown in Southern India since more than two thousand years, has always been much valued all over the world. Pungent and aromatic. The pungency is strongest in white pepper and weakest in green pepper, while black and green pepper are more aromatic than the white one.

See Article about Piper.





Link to this plant:
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Black Pepper plant, Piper nigrum

Black pepper. Grow your own spice! Moderate growing vine that can be grown on trellis.
See Article about this plant.

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This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
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Piper ornatum, Piper crocatum, Celebes pepper

Piper ornatum, Piper crocatum

Celebes pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Indonesia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapGroundcover and low-growing 2ftVine or creeperSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliage

Piper ornatum (Celebes pepper) is an ornamental plant native to Indonesia. It has a unique and eye-catching foliage, making it an excellent ground cover or low-growing vine in any sunny to semi-shade garden. It will grow in USDA zones 9-11 and prefers regular watering. This plant is not fussy with soil types, as long as it is planted in well-draining soil. Fertilize in spring with a balanced fertilizer and prune the stems, if needed, to keep the shape attractive. In colder climates, Piper ornatum may be grown in pots, as long as the roots are kept cool in the winter. Cold weather can cause leaf curling and stem dieback. If you're it growing in a pot, use a good quality potting mix and position in a partially shaded spot.

In the garden, it's an attractive and distinctive groundcover and low-growing vine that grows to about 2 ft (60 cm) in height. Its stunning foliage of heart-shaped leaves, in shades of green, pink and silver is complemented by clusters of white, tubular flowers in mid-summer. The undersides of the leaves are a striking purple-red shade that gives it an even more eye-catching appearance.

Piper ornatum is a great choice for any sunny to semi-shade garden and is low maintenance in terms of care. It requires regular watering and fertilizing. In colder climates, this plant can be successfully grown in pots, provided the roots are kept cool in the winter. The best soil type is well-draining, but it is not fussy. Prune stems, if needed, to keep the plant attractive.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_ornatum.htm

Piper peltatum, Lepianthes peltata, Pothomorphe peltata, Pakina, Monkey's Hand, Santa Maria Plant, Cachimuela, Cordoncillo, Pariparoba, Pariparova, Jaguarandi, Capeba, Caena

Piper peltatum, Lepianthes peltata, Pothomorphe peltata

Pakina, Monkey's Hand, Santa Maria Plant, Cachimuela, Cordoncillo, Pariparoba, Pariparova, Jaguarandi, Capeba, Caena
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Central America
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Piper peltatum is a small plant, typically ranging 2-5 ft in height, with heart-shaped glossy green leaves. The stems are woody and usually not more than an inch in diameter. When used for ethnomedical purposes, the leaves and stems are boiled for about 20 minutes and the resulting liquid is drunk.

The plant thrives in full sun with regular water and is native to Central America. In the United States, it is hardy to USDA Zones 9-11, but may even survive in Zone 8 with protection from the cold in winter. It can also be grown in pots in colder climates, provided the soil does not freeze and the pot is brought in during the winter months.

When planting Piper peltatum, its ideal conditions should be taken into consideration. The soil should be kept moist, but not too wet, to prevent any root rot. Pruning is also beneficial since it helps promote a bushy, healthy form and encourages flowering. Fertilizing is recommended twice a year with a balanced organic fertilizer. As a small shrub, Piper peltatum looks best when kept in a neat and tidy appearance, so regular trimming is necessary to keep it looking good.

With its dual purpose of both ornamental and medicinal benefits, Piper peltatum will make a great addition to any garden. Its bright green foliage, low maintenance, and evergreen qualities makes it a perfect fit for any garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_peltatum.htm
 
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