TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 35     Next    Go to page:  1  2  3  4

Piper aduncum, Piper angustifolium, Piper elongatum, Spiked Pepper, Higuillo de Hoja, Matico

Piper aduncum, Piper angustifolium, Piper elongatum

Spiked Pepper, Higuillo de Hoja, Matico
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South and Central America
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Small tree to 7 m tall, with short silt roots and soft, brittle wood; foliage and twigs aromatic. Branches erect, but with drooping twigs and swollen, purplish nodes. Leaves alternate, distichous, elliptic, 12-22 cm long, shortly petiolate; lamina scabrid above, with sunken nerves, softly hairy beneath. Inflorescence a leaf-opposed, curved spike on a 12-17 cm peduncle, white to pale yellow, turning green with maturity. Flowers crowded in regular transverse ranks. Fruit a 1-seeded berry, blackish when ripe.

Used as a aromatic stimulant, against gonorrhea, leukorrhea, piles, hemorrhages and dyspepsia.

Propagation: seeds and cuttings.

Culture: full sun / light shade, sandy loam soil, needs high humidity.

Plant in frost free areas.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_aduncum.htm

Piper auritum, Root Beer Plant, Mexican Pepperleaf, Hoja Santa , Veracruz Pepper, False Kava-Kava, Sacred Pepper

Piper auritum

Root Beer Plant, Mexican Pepperleaf, Hoja Santa , Veracruz Pepper, False Kava-Kava, Sacred Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Mexico through Colombia
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunShadeSemi-shadeKeep soil moistRegular waterIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbInvasiveEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Close relative of Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and Piper nigrum (Black Pepper), this herb originated from Tropical America and grows also in the South Pacific. Large-leaved perennial, known for its leaves, which are used for their spicy aromatic scent and flavor, some liken to root beer, others to anise-clove. This species is easily identified by its huge leaves which can grow over a foot long in older specimens. Plants will grow out from roots so it can spread in ideal conditions. Flowers are long, skinny, white, and fuzzy looking. They may be borne in season. The plant doesn't usually form many fruits outside of its native range. The leaves are chopped and used for flavoring, as well as used whole, as wrappings for meats, tamales, etc.

P. auritum is very often confused with Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and probably has some similar effects. According to other sources, it can be poisonous. Explorer Captain James Cook, who gave this plant the botanical name of "intoxicating pepper", first discovered the true kava kava. Kava has been used for over 3,000 years for its medicinal effects as a sedative, muscle relaxant, diuretic, and as a remedy for nervousness and insomnia. It has been used in parts of the Pacific at traditional social gatherings as a relaxant and in cultural and religious ceremonies to achieve a higher level of consciousness. The roots can be made into a mildly narcotic beverage that is comparable to popular cocktails in our culture. Kava is now recognized by many doctors as an alternative to drugs like Xanax and Valium.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_auritum.htm

Piper auritum - Root Beer Plant

Root Beer Plant, Acuyo, False Kava-Kava. Close relative of Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and Piper nigrum (Black Pepper), this herb originated from Tropical America and grows also in the South Pacific. Large-leaved perennial, known for its leaves, which are used for their spicy aromatic scent and flavor, some liken to root beer, others to anise-clove. This species is easily identified by its huge leaves which can grow over a foot long in older specimens. The leaves are chopped and used for flavoring, as well as used whole, as wrappings for meats, tamales, etc. P. auritum is very often confused with Piper methysticum (Kava-Kava), and probably has some similar effects.
See Article about this plant.

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Piper betle, Betel leaf

Piper betle

Betel leaf
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: India
Vine or creeperFull sunShadeSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The plant grows widely over the entire area between South Arabia and Southeast China. It is a branching vine, that may climb as high as 10-15ft, although it often grows as an understory ground cover. The plant prefers warm, humid conditions, but can tolerate some drought. It is generally too tender to grow outside of the tropics. It is used in a number of traditional remedies for the treatment of stomach ailments, infections, and as a general tonic. It is often chewed in combination with the betel nut (Areca catechu), as a stimulatory. Some evidence suggests that betel leaves have immune boosting properties as well as anti-cancer properties. The essential oil is produced by steam distillation from the leaves of Piper Betle. Betel Leaf Oil is yellow to brown with an distinctly phenolic, almost tar-like or smoky. Leaves have long been used in Indonesia as traditional medicine. These leaves have antimicrobial activity towards bacteria in the mouth. Essential oils of the plant contained phenolic compounds. Throughout the balmy Asian tropics, great passion is accorded the chewing of the stimulating fruit of the Areca catechu palm known as betel nut. Traditionally prepared by chopping or slicing the areca nut, adding a bit of moistened lime to a Piper betle leaf and wrapping the nuts in ribbon-like strips of leaf to make a small packet known as a buyo. When one visits a household, the host will likely offer one of these buyos as a gesture of hospitality. Workers will often carry small boxes or bags of prepared betel much like the Peruvians carry coca leaves. Piper betle grows as a vigorous vine which is usually supported by a trellis of bamboo poles. The heart-shaped leaves are marvelously pungent and spicy. Makes as interesting container plant.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_betle.htm

Piper betle - Betel leaf

Betel leaf - very popular Indian spice with medicinal properties. Great for wrapping food (similar to grape leaves). See Article about this plant.

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Piper blattarum, Higuillo

Piper blattarum

Higuillo
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Puerto Rico
Large shrub 5-10 ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterSpice or herb

Piper blattarum, Higuillo
Piper blattarum, Higuillo


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_blattarum.htm

Piper longum , Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper

Piper longum

Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunRegular waterSpice or herb

The species Piper longum is of South Asian origin (Deccan peninsular), whereas the closely related Piper retrofractum

comes from South East Asia and is mostly cultivated in Indonesia and Thailand. Long pepper is more pungent than black pepper.



Piper longum , Bengal Pepper, Indian Long Pepper


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_longum.htm

Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree

Piper magnificum

Lacquered Peppertree
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: South America
Large shrub 5-10 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

The large, roundish leaves are deep green above, burgundy red underneath, thick and plastic-like.



Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree
Piper magnificum, Lacquered Peppertree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_magnificum.htm

Piper methysticum, Kava, Kava-Kava

Piper methysticum

Kava, Kava-Kava
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Western Pacific
Large shrub 5-10 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

Kava is both the common name and the beverage made from the root of Piper methysticum (family Piperaceae). Kava is native to Oceania, the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean, where it is used as a ritual drink.

This is a shrub about 6 feet high. The leaves are alternate, cordate, with a wavy, entire margin, and an abrupt, acute point. The petiole is about an inch long, dilated at the base, and furnished with linear, erect stipules. The veins are prominent, about 12, diverging from the base of the leaf-blade. The flowers are small, apetalous, and arranged on slender spikes. Those bearing male flowers are axillary and solitary. The female spikes are numerous. Female flowers are especially rare and do not produce fruit even when hand-pollinated. Its cultivation is entirely by propagation from stem cuttings.

Kava is consumed throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia and some parts of Micronesia for its sedating effects. Kava is an anxiolytic herbal medicine used in the treatment of sleep and anxiety disorders. Some cases of kava-induced hepatotoxicity have been reported in the literature leading to its banishment in most countries worldwide.



Piper methysticum, Kava, Kava-Kava


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_methysticum.htm

Piper methysticum - Kava-Kava

This is a very rare and hard to find species!
Kava is both the common name and the beverage made from the root of Piper methysticum. Kava is native to Oceania, the islands of the tropical Pacific Ocean, where it is used as a ritual drink.
Kava is consumed throughout the Pacific Ocean cultures of Polynesia, including Hawaii, Vanuatu, Melanesia and some parts of Micronesia for its sedating effects. Kava is an anxiolytic herbal medicine used in the treatment of sleep and anxiety disorders.
See Article about pipers.

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Piper nigrum, Pepper

Piper nigrum

Pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Malabar, a region in the Western Coast of South India
Large shrub 5-10 ftVine or creeperShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herbEdible

Pepper is cultivated since millennia. The wild form has not yet been unambigously identified, but there are closely related pepper species in South India and Burma. While black and white pepper were already known in antiquity, but green pepper (and even more, red pepper) is a recent invention. Black pepper, grown in Southern India since more than two thousand years, has always been much valued all over the world. Pungent and aromatic. The pungency is strongest in white pepper and weakest in green pepper, while black and green pepper are more aromatic than the white one.

See Article about this plant.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_nigrum.htm

Black Pepper plant, Piper nigrum

Black pepper. Grow your own spice! Moderate growing...  more

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In stock
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Black Pepper, Piper nigrum - seeds

Black pepper. Grow your own spice! Moderate growing...  more
Ordering seeds info

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Piper ornatum, Piper crocatum, Celebes pepper

Piper ornatum, Piper crocatum

Celebes pepper
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Indonesia, Sulawesi(Celebes)
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftVine or creeperSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliage

This is not an easy plant, but one which is always of great interest to plant collectors. It is one of the most beautiful of patterns rivalled only by some of the Calathea species. This sprawling shrub has wiry stems that spread across the ground and climb into low vegetation. It can grow to about 15 ft (4.5 m) tall. The heart-shaped leaves are nearly as wide as they are long 10 cm. The upper leaf surfaces are a mottled pattern of green, pink and silver while the undersides are flushed purple-red.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_ornatum.htm

Piper peltatum, Lepianthes peltata, Pothomorphe peltata, Pakina, Monkey's Hand, Santa María Plant, Cachimuela, Cordoncillo, Pariparoba, Pariparova, Jaguarandi, Capeba, Caena

Piper peltatum, Lepianthes peltata, Pothomorphe peltata

Pakina, Monkey's Hand, Santa María Plant, Cachimuela, Cordoncillo, Pariparoba, Pariparova, Jaguarandi, Capeba, Caena
Family: Piperaceae
Origin: Central America
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.

A lowlying species with heart-shaped glossy foliage, this plant has both household and medicinal uses. The leaves not only provide tablecloths and food wrapping material, but are also rubbed on the body to repel ticks and applied directly to swollen sores.The leaves are used as diuretic, antipyretic, and as an external and internal anti-inflammatory agent in several regions of the Peruvian and Bolivian Amazon.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/piper_peltatum.htm
 
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