TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 23     Next    Go to page:  1  2  3

Bambusa sp., Common bamboo
Bambusa vulgaris Wamin - Dwarf Buddha Belly

Bambusa sp.

Common bamboo
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Origin: China
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunKeep soil moistSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

All tropical forms of bamboo are fast growing plants that can reach tree-like proportions. It is more than just a decorative plant, is also a major producer of oxygen, great to have around. Bamboo is the most fast growing plant in the world. Some varieties were reported to grow as much as 3-4 ft a day. The plant requires moist soil, can tolerate a few days of flooding, but won't tolerate soggy conditions for a very long time.

Bambusa vulgaris, a stylish oriental plant, is the bamboo to thrive indoors. With an excellent life expectancy it can be relied upon to create a long and lasting impression. There are 3 varieties sold under Bambusa vulgaris: Bambusa vulgaris (yellow stems), Bambusa ventricosa (green, bumpy stems), and Bambusa siamensis (smooth green stems). It is advisable to plant them in a large pot because they can die if the root ball is allowed to dry out. Can torerate a small amount of light. B. melangensis - one of the most fast and tall growing varieties. Most of bamboo are hardy to frost, and some are hardy to as low as 16-18F.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bambusa_sp.htm

Bambusa ventricosa, Bamboo Buddha Belly

Bambusa ventricosa

Bamboo Buddha Belly
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Origin: China
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunRegular waterOrnamental foliageSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeFlood tolerant

Bamboo is one the most fast growing plant. This particular species is probably the fastest. It also has interesting swollen internodes which especially form when in pots or stressed. The plant creates large vase-shaped privacy screen, great for wind and cold protection. Height: 30-50 ft, diameter: 1.5 - 3 in. Variety Buddha Belly 'Kimmei' has golden yellow, green striped culms. Birds like to nest in bamboo. It is difficult for many predators to climb in. Cold hardy to 18F.

The following conditions must be met in order for the successful growth of your newly purchased bamboo: sunlight, regular irrigation, good drainage and at least occasional fertilization. To make sure your bamboo gets a healthy start after it is planted, diligent watering is a must. Bamboo must have enough water on a daily basis for at least the first month after planting. The most important part of your bamboo plant is under ground. If the rhizome and root system are planted in muck or boggy conditions it will not survive. Soils which are sandy and drain well are the best. Bamboo should be fertilized with a palm fertilizer. The added micro-nutrients and iron are good for preventing yellowing of bamboo foliage. Weed and feed fertilizers should never be used on bamboo. Heavy mulch is helpful to place around the base of the plants. Horse or cow manure is recommended as the best growing media. If you wish to thin your bamboo you can remove some of the older growth after the second year. Make sure to take no more than 1/3 of the culms. To trim your bamboo cut the culms near the base just above the node. It is not good to remove the newest culms unless they are growing into an unwanted area. If you are planning on using bamboo for a hedge, windbreak or natural screen the spacing is an important detail. Depending on the species and density of the plant they should be planted anywhere from 3 to 5 feet of center.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/bambusa_ventricosa.htm

Cymbopogon citratus, Lemon Grass, Oil Grass

Cymbopogon citratus

Lemon Grass, Oil Grass
Family: Poaceae    (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Origin: India
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterOrnamental foliageFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.DeciduousSpice or herbEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Widely used in Thai (Tom Yum Gum soup) and Vietnamese cooking. Lemon grass is a perennial, which means once you plant it, the grass comes back year after year. Depending on the area you live in the plant will go dormant in the winter. In harsh climates the plant will need to be potted and wintered indoors. This aromatic herb is used in Caribbean and many types of Asian cooking and has become very popular in the United States. Most of the commercial crops for the United States are grown in California and Florida. Lemon grass is also used for medicinal purposes. This fragrant grass is a versatile performer in the kitchen where it can be used in teas, beverages, herbal medicines, and Eastern inspired soups and other dishes. Lemongrass is equally versatile in the garden. This tropical grass grows in dense clumps that can grow to 6 ft (1.8 m) in height and about 4 ft (1.2 m) in width. The straplike leaves are 0.5-1 in (1.3-2.5 cm) wide, about 3 ft (0.9 m) long, and have gracefully drooping tips. The evergreen leaves are bright bluish-green and release a citrus aroma when crushed. It is the leaves that are used as flavoring and in medicine. They are steam distilled to extract lemongrass oil, an old standby in the the perfumer's palette of scents. The lemongrass plants that you are likely to encounter are cultivars and do not typically produce flowers. Gardeners in subtropical areas will enjoy using lemongrass in beds and borders. It also does well in tubs and containers. It is especially nice along walkways where plants release fragrance when brushed against by passersby. If you live in a frosty area, you can enjoy it as an annual. You can also pot it up for the winter and keep it in a brightly lit area indoors. Lemongrass has been used for centuries as the source of an aromatic oil that is used in perfumery, flavorings and herbal medicine. Keep some around the house to add a lemony snap to ice tea and interest to your stir fries. To harvest, dig up a clump, separate the sections, cut off the roots and tops keeping about 6 in (15 cm) of the light colored base. Natural way or controlling mosquitoes and other pests - try some near your patio. Good for dogs and gives them fresh breath.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cymbopogon_citratus.htm

Cymbopogon citratus - Lemon grass

Lemon grass - versatile performer in the kitchen where it can be used in teas, beverages, herbal medicines, Eastern inspired soups and other dishes.

RECOMMENDED FERTILIZER:
SUNSHINE Robusta - Rapid Growth Booster
This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
10"/3 gal pot, large plant
3 plants in stock
$32.95


Cymbopogon nardus, Citronella Grass, Nardus, Nard Grass, Mana Grass

Cymbopogon nardus

Citronella Grass, Nardus, Nard Grass, Mana Grass
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Origin: southeast Asia
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftSmall shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliageFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.DeciduousSpice or herb

It is grown commercially in Sri Lanka, India, Burma, Indonesia and Java. Its graceful arching leaves and overall vertical form provide subtle opposition when planted near bushy or rounded shrubs and flowers. Citronella is clump-forming tropical grass, the clump increases in size as the plant matures. Plant it along a walkway or near the porch where its fragrance can be appreciated. The plant is the source of the commercial citronella oil, used in perfumery and as an insect repellent. Inexpensive soaps sold in Asian markets are scented with citronella oil. Citronella oil can be mixed with other vegetable oils and used in massage or rubbed on the skin for an insect repellent. The essential oils extracted from citronella grass are much used in aroma therapy as a stimulant when inhaled or rubbed on the skin, and an antiseptic that can be used to sterilize food preparation surfaces. It is reported that citronella oil repels cats. Inhaling the essential oils of citronella may increase heart rate in some people. Rhizome is used medicinally as a treatment for leukorrhea.



Cymbopogon nardus, Citronella Grass, Nardus, Nard Grass, Mana Grass
Cymbopogon nardus, Citronella Grass, Nardus, Nard Grass, Mana Grass
Cymbopogon nardus, Citronella Grass, Nardus, Nard Grass, Mana Grass
Flowers and seeds


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cymbopogon_nardus.htm

Cymbopogon nardus - Citronella grass

Citronella grass, Nardus, Nard grass, Mana grass. It is grown in Sri Lanka, India, Burma, Indonesia and Java. Citronella is the source of the commercial citronella oil, used in perfumery and as an insect repellent. The essential oils extracted from citronella grass are much used in aroma therapy as a stimulant when inhaled or rubbed on the skin, and an antiseptic that can be used to sterilize food preparation surfaces.

RECOMMENDED FERTILIZER:
SUNSHINE Robusta - Rapid Growth Booster
This item is certified for shipping to California.
Grown in
6"/ 1 gal pot
1 plant in stock
Last one
$27.95


Cymbopogon winterianus, Citronella Grass

Cymbopogon winterianus

Citronella Grass
Family: Poaceae    (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Origin: southeast Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterOrnamental foliageEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Spice or herb

Citronella is clump-forming tropical grass, the clump increases in size as the plant matures. Plant it along a walkway or near the porch where its fragrance can be appreciated. The plant is the source of the commercial citronella oil, used in perfumery and as an insect repellent.

Similar to Cymbopogon nardus.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/cymbopogon_winterianus.htm

Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea, Giant Bamboo

Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea

Giant Bamboo
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Origin: Tropical Asia
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

Dendrocalamus giganteus is the tallest of all bamboos with gigantic large culms.



Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea, Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea, Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea, Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus giganteus, Bambusa gigantea, Giant Bamboo


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/dendrocalamus_giganteus.htm

Dendrocalamus sp., Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus asper

Dendrocalamus sp.

Giant Bamboo
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Origin: Southeast Asia, China
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Dendrocalamus is a tropical genus of giant clumping bamboo, which are similar to the genus Bambusa.

Dendrocalamus giganteus - is one of the tallest of bamboos.

Dendrocalamus strictus - is also known as Male Bamboo, Solid Bamboo or Calcutta Bamboo. It is a fast growing, tall species of Bamboo native to Southeast Asia. This bamboo is extensively used as a raw material in paper mills and has edible shoots. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Established plants are drought tolerant. Hardy to zone 9. Synonyms: Arundo hexandra, Bambusa glomerata, B. hexandra, B. pubescens, B. stricta, B. tanaea, B. verticillata, Dendrocalamus prainiana.



Dendrocalamus sp., Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus minor var. amoenus - Ghost Bamboo
Dendrocalamus sp., Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus asper 'Betung Hitam' - Black Asper Bamboo
Dendrocalamus sp., Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus 'Parker Giant' - Parker's Giant Bamboo
Dendrocalamus sp., Giant Bamboo


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/dendrocalamus_sp.htm

Festuca glauca, Blue Fescue

Festuca glauca

Blue Fescue
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Origin: Europe
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Festuca glauca is a clump-forming ornamental grass noted for its glaucous, finely-textured, blue-gray foliage.

Festuca glauca is a short-lived clump grass that tends to die out in the center after a couple years. When this happens, the clumps should be dug up and divided, and the divisions replanted.



Festuca glauca, Blue Fescue
Festuca glauca, Blue Fescue


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/festuca_glauca.htm

Gigantochloa sp., Giant Bamboo
Gigantochloa atroviolacea - Giant Black Bamboo

Gigantochloa sp.

Giant Bamboo
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate water

Gigantochloa is a tropical genus of giant clumping bamboo, which are similar to the genus Bambusa.




Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/gigantochloa_sp.htm

Hygroryza aristata, Hygroryza

Hygroryza aristata

Hygroryza
Family: Poaceae   (Formerly:Poaceae / Gramineae)
Origin: Southeast Asia
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunBog or aquatic

Hygroryza aristata is the only grass species used in aquariums. Hygroryza has inflated leaf sheaths to aid in flotation and can form dense, floating mats.



Hygroryza aristata, Hygroryza
Hygroryza aristata, Hygroryza


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/hygroryza_aristata.htm
 
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