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A bold and distinct twining evergreen climber or robust twining shrub having racemes of fragrant white or pink flowers with flat spreading terminal petals that trap nocturnal moths and hold them until dawn. Flowers all summer. The foliage is a light grey green and the plant can be kept back by pruning. After a long hot summer, large green pod like curious fruits are carried. Sometimes referred to as the cruel plant due to the moths that pollinate it being held onto by the flowers and only being released the following day. Only suitable for sunny spots in warmer counties or conservatory where the scent is more noticeable.
The extremely bright color make it easy to spot. Like most milkweeds the juice is milky white. This plant is attractive to butterflies. Long bloom period from late spring throughout the summer. Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars). Drought-tolerant.
This pretty flower is an erect, clump-forming, Missouri native plant which is commonly found in swamps, river bottomlands and wet meadows throughout the State. It typically grows 3-4' tall on branching stems. Small, fragrant, pink to mauve flowers (1/4" wide), each with five reflexed petals and an elevated central crown, appear in tight clusters (umbels) at the stem ends in summer.
Flowers are followed by attractive seed pods (to 4" long) which split open when ripe releasing silky-haired seeds easily carried by the wind. Flowers are very attractive to butterflies as a nectar source. In addition, swamp milkweed is an important food source (albeit somewhat less important than upland species of Asclepias) for the larval stage of Monarch butterflies.
Genus name honors the Greek god Asklepios the god of medicine. Specific epithet means flesh-colored.
Easily grown in full sun. Tolerant of average well-drained soils in cultivation even though the species is native to swamps and wet meadows. Plants have deep taproots and are best left undisturbed once established. Foliage is slow to emerge in spring.
Sunny borders, stream/pond banks, butterfly gardens. A good plant for low spots or other moist areas in the landscape.
Stems exude a toxic milky sap when cut.
Asclepias oenotheroides is a middle elevation milkweed with distinctive crenate leaves. The flowers are greenish white. The flower of this species is unique among milkweeds. The long, slender hoods extend beyond the stigmatic groove and flare or bow outward at the top. This species survives periodic droughts and occasional mowing even though it has shallow roots. It leafs out and flowers if rains follow a dry period.
Flowers of plants in this genus are produced in umbrel-like clusters with numerous small flower groups to 1 inch wide. The flowers are followed by green fruits that ripen to yellowish-brown and split open to reveal their seedy contents.
Milkweeds are known to be toxic to livestock and domestic fowl, but usually under conditions of forced ingestion of large quantities through mismanagement or drought.
The extremely bright color make it easy to spot. Like most milkweeds the juice is milky white. Long bloom period from late spring throughout the summer. Flowers are a nectar source for many butterflies and leaves are a food source for monarch butterfly larvae (caterpillars). Drought-tolerant. Listed in the U. S. Pharmacopeia in the 19th century the root was once widely used for lung problems such as asthma and bronchitis. Contains cardiac glycosides which are toxic in large amounts.
Calotropis gigantea - Giant milkweed, Arka, Crown flower, close related to a well-known Butterfly Milkweed, but it is so impressively fat! Its beefy silver leaves add a great texture to your butterfly garden, and its lavender flowers are fascinating and beautiful. This plant is great for a butterfly garden as it is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Monarch butterfly.
The shiny blue bee Xylocopa can also be seen visiting this flower. Although its blooms can be seen all through the year, its flowers are particularly abundant during summer season. The plant also has medicinal value. Its latex is used to remove thorns from the skin. The plant is hardy at least to zone 9 and drought tolerant.
Giant Milkweed can be used as a substitute for other milkweeds or as a supplement to the ones you already have. The best features of this plant:
- Constant blooms throughout the season when starting with mature plants
- Large, thick leaves can sustain more monarch caterpillars
- Caterpillars can pupate on the tree itself
- Great option for adventurous gardeners looking to try something new
- Grows well in dry and difficult soils
Spreading shrub or small tree to 14 ft. exuding copious milky sap when cut or broken; leaves opposite, grey-green, large up to 1ft long and 4" broad, with a pointed tip, two rounded basal lobes and no leaf stalk. Flowers are of a waxy white petals 5, purple-tipped inside and with a central purplish crown, carried in stalked clusters at the ends of the branches. Fruit is grey-green, inflated, 3" to 4" long, containing numerous seeds with tufts of long silky hairs at one end. Sap from the plant Calotropis procera is used in northwest Benin as the agent to curdle the milk for traditional cheese production .
The light-green stems are angular and rudimentary leaves appear at intervals. The perfectly symmetrical ball of inflorescence about 10 cm across is very impressive.To pollinate, the flowers attract flies by emitting a scent similar to that of carrion.
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping.