Aglaia korthalsii, commonly known as Aglaia, is a small tropical tree native to Southeast Asia, from China to India. This species of tree is known for its unique properties, being an ethnomedical plant as well as edible, and is therefore grown commercially throughout the region. It is able to grow to heights of 10-20 feet tall, with extremely large specimens sometimes reaching heights of 20 feet or more.
When grown in a USDA zone ranging from 9-11, Aglaia korthalsii requires regular watering in order to survive and thrive. Unless temperatures abruptly drop below zero, it is not necessary to provide supplemental water during the winter in these climates. However, during the hot summer months it is important to provide the tree with moderate amounts of water.
Aglaia korthalsii is highly valued for its edible fruit. These fruits are ellipsoid to subglobose, ranging from 20 - 40mm in length and 10 - 50mm in width, and are orange in color. Each individual fruit contains up to 3 edible seeds, surrounded by a thin layer of edible flesh. These fruits carry numerous health benefits and are commonly used in local recipes of Southeast Asia. On average, it can produce up to 20 fruits per season, making it an excellent source for edible yield.
In colder climates, Aglaia korthalsii can be successfully grown in a pot. It is important to choose a pot that is large enough to accommodate its growth (at least 18 - 22 inches in diameter) and to use quality potting soil to ensure proper drainage. Furthermore, in cold climates it is necessary to bring the pot into a sheltered area during the winter months to ensure its survival. With the right care and maintenance, this beautiful tree can be a great addition to any landscape.