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The flowers are large, showy, creamy white and heavily perfumed, particularly at night. They open from elegantly furled creamy-green buds. The corolla is a tube with 8 large lobes. The fruits are hard and woody, and heavily fibrous inside, and can remain on the bush for years. Each fruit is egg-shaped, grayish green, when mature roughly dotted with whitish encrustations. Easy to grow, although it is slow-growing. It does best in slightly acid, light, well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter added and regular deep watering. Mulch thickly and regularly. It may need to be pruned to keep it shapely, or in scale with its container. Pruning should be done after flowering or just before the new growth appears. Although it is moderately drought tolerant, drought stress can cause buds to fall before opening. Gardenia thunbergia tolerates a winter minimum 25-30F although young plants will require protection from frost. It looks good as a specimen plant on a lawn, or as part of an informal hedge or shrubbery, or planted beside a pond or a stream. It also makes a good pot plant in a large container, its pale gray bark and angular shape making it an interesting form plant, while the flowers perfume the air. This gardenia is used as a root stock for grafted hybrid varieties thanks to its hardiness and tolerance to wide range of soil and climate conditions. It is also suitable for bonsai. Read more about gardenias.
It is a medium size sprawling vine cultivated for its attractive flowers. Leaves are soft and hairy, nice to touch. Flowers vary depending on variety: white, yellow, terracotta, white, cream, in different shades. There is always a black center that gives the plant its name - Black Eye Susan. It is a very pretty fast growing climber that can be grown on a trellis or supported by a fence. Unlike some other vining thunbergia species, this one is not invasive and can be easily controlled. relatively cold hardy, the upper part may be killed by hard freeze, but usually recovers from roots.
This compact vine has a twining habit producing 2-3" dark blue funnel shaped flowers with golden throat, displayed throughout it's dense deep green foliage. It is the least invasive of all thunbergia vines, grows rather slowly and keeps very compact shape. This species is probably the best for container culture or a small trellis. It tolerates shade, too. It is hardy to light freeze which also makes this species very unique, especially for subtropical gardeners.
A woody climber with 8 foot long deep green leaf pairs bearing long pendant terminal clusters of astounding scarlet tubular flowers from Winter on into Spring. Must be in moist, warm greenhouse atmosphere to form buds for bloom. Minimum of 8 C.
Blue flowers resembling morning glory. Several of the best-known Thunbergia species are climbers, but this native of tropical Africa is a sprawling shrub, very useful in mixed beds or as a low hedge. It has attractive, small, dark green leaves and tubular flowers which in the most common form are rich purple with a yellow throat; there is also a white-flowering form, which seems to have smaller leaves and is somewhat less robust . T. erecta responds well to regular pruning and can be shaped into a very bushy shrub, though this inhibits blooming. It prefers full sun and well-drained soil but will bloom in partial shade. Propagtion is by means of cuttings.
Pure white fragrant flowers. Tolerates both sun and shade. Controllable vine, very fast growing.
The most striking blue flowered vine in the world, with a robust and twining habit producing long hanging clusters of 3" sky blue funnel shaped flowers from fall through spring, displayed throughout it's dense deep green foliage. Can be trellised or arbored to create a spectacular sight! Hardy to freezing. Can be used as a background shrub if allowed to sprawl at the rear of a bed. It's also pretty clambering up a mail box or lamp post.
Thunbergia grandiflora is similar to Thunbergia laurifolia
except that leaves are heart-shaped.
The amount of color that can be put out by this vine is unsurpassed. It is a continuous grower and will creep and crawl over everything in reach. The stems root and creep, though this is not an impossible task to keep after it does need to be watched. It will die to the ground in the mid 20's but can come back from much deeper chill than that. The stems have hairs that cause itching when they are dry. It is best to wear long sleeves when trimming or removing sections of this plant. Water occasionally.
A small bushy dense shrub with unusual shape of leaves (rombical, toothed), that are dark green to silvery. Flowers are 1-2in wide, dark blue. Somewhat succulent-looking, with hard leaves, this plant still requires regular watering. Does well in container.
Ornamental vine with Showy, violet, trumpet shaped flowers up to three inches across. Can be used as a background shrub if allowed to sprawl at the rear of a bed. It's also pretty clambering up a mail box or lamp post.
Thunbergia laurifolia is similar to Thunbergia grandiflora
except that elliptical leaves.