TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 18     Next    Go to page:  1  2

Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot

Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca

Apricot
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: Asia
USDA Zone: 5-9?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

They are extremely rich in beta-carotene, and are an excellent source of vitamin A, vitamin B, and other nutrients. They also have a low Glycemic Index, which means that dried apricots have a low impact on blood sugar levels. Apricots are very high in antioxidants and are packed with essential dietary fibers, minerals, and vitamins.

Prunus armeniaca, commonly known as Apricot, is a small deciduous tree growing to a height of 10-20 feet. Native to Asia, Apricot has large pink and white or off-white flowers that attract hummingbirds and butterflies. The tree is highly drought tolerant and thrives in full sun with moderate water. It is a cold hardy plant and is suitable for growing in USDA zones 5-9.

Apricot fruits are drupes, similar in size to small peaches, and typically range from yellow to orange in color. They are rich in beta-carotene, vitamin A, vitamin B, and other essential nutrients, making them a nutritious snack or ingredient. They also have a low Glycemic Index and are very high in antioxidants. Apricot trees can be prolific producers, typically yielding between 30 and 50 pounds of fruit per tree annually. The fruit can be consumed fresh or dried, while the apricot kernels can be used in cooking or to make medicinal extracts.



Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot
Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot
Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot
Prunus armeniaca, Amygdalus armeniaca, Apricot
Dried apricots


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_armeniaca.htm

Prunus avium, Wild Cherry, Sweet Cherry

Prunus avium

Wild Cherry, Sweet Cherry
Family: Rosaceae
USDA Zone: 5-8?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterWhite, off-white flowersFragrantDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time



Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_avium.htm

Prunus campanulata, Taiwan Cherry, Formosan Cherry

Prunus campanulata

Taiwan Cherry, Formosan Cherry
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: Taiwan, South China
USDA Zone: 7-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterPink flowersDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Prunus campanulata or Taiwan Cherry is an attractive and eye-catching small deciduous tree that grows to 10-20ft in height. Boasting an appealing reddish-brown bark that is smooth to the touch and coarsely serrated leaves, it is native to Taiwan and South China. This fast-growing tree produces an array of pink flowers and will attract butterflies, hummingbirds and other wildlife. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some semi-shade, though it will require regular garden watering and is well-suited to the USDA Zone 7-10 climate.

Plant in moist, well-drained soil. To encourage flowering, prune out any weak wood immediately after flowering season has finished. While young, protect from pests or frost. Taiwan Cherry can be maintained in a pot as a bonsai in cold regions, provided the right temperature and habitat conditions are provided. Ideal temperature should be between 50 and 70F. The pot should be placed in a well-lit area. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged. Feeding requires to be done twice a month, during spring and summer. It is important to note that the Taiwan Cherry is a deciduous plant, shedding its leaves during the winter season.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_campanulata.htm

Prunus cerasifera, Prunus divaricata, Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, St. Lukes Flowering Plum
Prunus cerasifera 'Nigra'

Prunus cerasifera, Prunus divaricata

Cherry Plum, Myrobalan Plum, St. Lukes Flowering Plum
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: Europe, Asia
USDA Zone: 4-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersFragrantDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Wild types are large shrubs or small trees reaching 6-15 meters tall, with deciduous leaves 4 to 6 centimeters long.

Prunus cerasifera is a popular ornamental tree for garden and landscaping use, grown for its very early flowering. Numerous cultivars have been developed, many of them selected for purple foliage. They can have white or pink flowers.

Fruit are flavorful and tart, used in preserves, pies and desserts.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_cerasifera.htm

Prunus cerasoides, Himalayan flowering cherry

Prunus cerasoides

Himalayan flowering cherry
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: Central Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterPink flowersIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Medium tree. Leaves narrowly ovate, sharply toothed. Flower bright pink in clusters. Ovoid 1/2" fruit, bright red and shiny, with single stone. Often grown along roadsides for its beautiful flowers. It is in flower in April. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects.

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavor. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste. It is usually present in too small a quantity to do any harm but any very bitter seed or fruit should not be eaten. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death. Originally introduced as a garden ornamental for its attractive blossom but now an aggressive invader in many parts of southern Africa.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_cerasoides.htm

Prunus dulcis, Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis, Almond

Prunus dulcis, Prunus amygdalus, Amygdalus communis

Almond
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: Middle East
USDA Zone: 7-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapCan be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Almond trees (Prunus dulcis) are known for their beautiful pink and white flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds in the spring. They are deciduous, meaning they lose their leaves in the winter, making them a popular choice for bonsai. Almond fruit, which is a drupe with a single pit inside a green, fleshy layer, is rich in monounsaturated fatty acids and dietary fiber and provides numerous health benefits. Each tree can produce between five to eight pounds of almonds per year, with a mature tree in a warm climate potentially yielding up to twenty pounds. The tree can be grown in USDA Zones 7-10. In colder climates, almond trees can be grown in pots.

These trees prefer full sun but can also grow in semi-shade. They require moderate water and are able to withstand extended dry periods. Almonds are known to thrive in deep, loamy, well-drained soils but can also tolerate poor soils and drought during fruit development better than many other tree crops. In intensive orchards, the soil is managed similarly to other stone fruit trees, while in less intensive plantings in the Mediterranean region, almonds can be found growing on calcareous, rocky, and droughty soils. As with all Prunus species, almonds cannot tolerate wet, poorly drained soil.

Almonds are widely used in confectionery items such as candy bars, cakes, and toppings. A large portion of the almond crop is roasted and flavored or salted and sold in cans, while broken and small kernels are used in confectionery.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_dulcis.htm

Prunus glandulosa, Prunus japonica, Cerasus glandulosa, Chinese Bush Cherry, Chinese Plum, 	Korean Cherry, Dwarf Flowering Almond
Prunus glandulosa 'Alboplena'

Prunus glandulosa, Prunus japonica, Cerasus glandulosa

Chinese Bush Cherry, Chinese Plum, Korean Cherry, Dwarf Flowering Almond
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: China
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterPink flowersWhite, off-white flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Prunus glandulosa is commonly used as an ornamental tree and for cut flowers.

It has white or pink flowers - single or double varies with cultivar.

Prunus glandulosa can be shaped to create an interesting landscape feature and is ideal for container gardening.



Prunus glandulosa, Prunus japonica, Cerasus glandulosa, Chinese Bush Cherry, Chinese Plum, 	Korean Cherry, Dwarf Flowering Almond
Prunus glandulosa 'Alboplena'
Prunus glandulosa, Prunus japonica, Cerasus glandulosa, Chinese Bush Cherry, Chinese Plum, 	Korean Cherry, Dwarf Flowering Almond
Prunus glandulosa 'Alboplena'
Prunus glandulosa, Prunus japonica, Cerasus glandulosa, Chinese Bush Cherry, Chinese Plum, 	Korean Cherry, Dwarf Flowering Almond
Prunus glandulosa 'Alboplena'


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_glandulosa.htm

Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry

Prunus ilicifolia

Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: California
USDA Zone: 6-10?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdible

Prunus ilicifolia is a large shrub, with a height of approximately five to ten feet, that flourishes its best in full sun conditions, requiring moderate watering. The branches of Prunus ilicifolia are often spiny which give them an inclination towards ornamentation. The blooming period of the plant includes racemes of small but showy off-white flowers in the spring. These plant-pollinators attract a variety of interesting creatures to the garden, such as butterflies and hummingbirds. Its USDA zone varies, ranging from 6-10.

The Hollyleaf Cherry is not only ornamental, but it produces edible cherries. The fruit is dark purple or black, with a sweet and musky flavor. The fruit is mostly skin and seed, but the tart skin can still be enjoyed in small quantities, as well as the seed. In some areas, the drupes are used for baking, jellies, and preserves, or for juicing. The health benefits may include assisting with inflammation, boosting immunity, and promoting digestion.

Prunus ilicifolia is easy to grow and care for. It does well in full sun, needing scant water and tolerant of a wide range of soil types. In colder climates, these shrubs can be grown in pots and brought indoors during cold winter months. They like well-drained, slightly acidic soil and should be pruned lightly in the late winter or early spring. They can produce up to two pounds of fruit each year.



Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
Prunus ilicifolia, Hollyleaf Cherry, Evergreen Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_ilicifolia.htm

Prunus laurocerasus, Cherry Laurel

Prunus laurocerasus

Cherry Laurel
Family: Rosaceae
USDA Plant Hardiness MapLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunShadeSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersIrritatingAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Prunus laurocerasus is a widely cultivated ornamental plant, used for planting in gardens and parks in temperate regions worldwide.

The seed of the fruit may cause severe discomfort to humans if ingested.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_laurocerasus.htm

Prunus persica var. nectarina, Nectarine

Prunus persica var. nectarina

Nectarine
Family: Rosaceae
Origin: West Asia
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPink flowersDeciduous plantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

The Nectarine is classified as a sub-species of Peach.

Nectarine fruit is similar to Peach fruit except that the Nectarine fruit tend to be smooth and have more red color on the fruit surface. Nectarine fruits may be either yellow or white-fleshed.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/prunus_persica_nectarina.htm
 
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