Vachellia cornigera, Acacia cornigera, Bullhorn Acacia

Vachellia cornigera, Acacia cornigera

Bullhorn Acacia
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Origin: Central America, Mexico
USDA Zone: 8-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunDry conditionsModerate waterYellow, orange flowersThorny or spinyPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirds

Vachellia cornigera, commonly known as Bullhorn Acacia, is an evergreen small tree that typically grows up to 10-20 feet tall. Native to Central America, Mexico, it is drought-tolerant and can thrive in full sun and dry conditions. Its foliage is typical of Acacias, with bright, tiny leaves and prominently spaced, prominent thorns. The thorns also serve to protect the tree from herbivores.

Its bright yellow, orange flowers, produced in spring and summer, attract nectar-seeking butterflies and hummingbirds. The plant is also highly decorative and can be used in gardens for topiary or hedges. As it produces fragrant flowers and can attract wildlife, it is a popular choice in the ornamental gardening trade.

Bullhorn Acacia is moderately adaptable to various soil types, but it prefers well-drained soil and is intolerant of moisture-retaining soil. It should be fertilized with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer twice a year, in spring and summer. It prefers a sunny site and protection from cold winds. In cold regions, it can be grown in large pots, which can be shifted indoors during cold periods.

In USDA Zone 8 through 11, Bullhorn Acacia is low-maintenance and makes an excellent addition to any landscape with its fragrant flowers, lush foliage, and attractive thorns. It is easy to grow and can be propagated from seed or cuttings. With minimal care, Bullhorn Acacia is a natural way to add a dose of greenery and bring a bit of nature to your garden.

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