This small plant, which grows up to a height and width of 2-5 feet, is native to eastern Africa and belongs to the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The most attractive feature of Euphorbia lugardiae (Monadenium) is its magnificent white or off-white flowers. These showy flowers, which are produced in abundance during the cooler months of the year, usually adorn the entire plant along with the long, spiky leaves. The plant is also known for its sap which is known to be highly irritating if it comes in contact with skin or eyes.
When it comes to growing Euphorbia lugardiae, it can be grown in USDA Zone 9-11 using regular watering and full sun. The plant is quite resilient and capable of tolerating a wide range of temperatures, although it thrives best when temperatures remain between 55F and 72F. Moderate water is recommended, ensuring that the soil remains slightly dry during the summer months and that it gets sufficient water during winter to prevent the leaves from drying out.
For colder regions, Euphorbia lugardiae can be grown in a pot indoors or outdoors. When grown in a pot, the soil must be well-draining, such as a cactus potting mix or soil mix for succulents. The pot should be placed in a bright spot with some filtered sunlight and kept away from drafts. Water should be reduced in winter and increased during summer, always monitoring the soil for moisture.