TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Euphorbia aeruginosa, Miniature Saguaro

Euphorbia aeruginosa

Miniature Saguaro
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditionsYellow/orange flowersIrritatingThorny or spiny

Euphorbia aeruginosa is a beautiful bushy, spiny succulent, with four-angled blue-green stems and bright copper-colored spines.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_aeruginosa.htm

Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower

Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus

Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: Mexico
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterUnusual colorIrritatingSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Pedilanthus bracteatus, commonly called Tall slipper plant, is a plant with green cylindrical stems and widely spaced leaves which grow up to 4 inches long. It is a nice vertical plant that can grow up to 5-6 feet tall that is attractive in cactus, succulent and xeriscape gardens, and is also very impressive in a large container.

During the cold season, Pedilanthus bracteatus loses its leaves and is a mass of green stems. In spring through fall, it produces odd flowers which are sandwiched between rounded red bracts. The pale yellow-green flowers, termed cyathia by botanists, are specialized structures unique to Euphorbaceae and their close relatives. Many parts of this plant are covered with small hairs, and its milky sap can irritate the skin.

Tall slipper plant is believed to be auspicious in some Asian cultures. It is easy to grow and requires minimal care. It prefers well-drained sandy soils. The flowers attract birds, butterflies and bees.



Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower
Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower
Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower
Euphorbia bracteata, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Tall Slipper Plant, Slipper Spurge, Candelilla, Little Bird Flower


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_bracteata.htm

Euphorbia bubalina, Euphorbia laxiflora, Buffalo Euphorbia, Bosmelkbos

Euphorbia bubalina, Euphorbia laxiflora

Buffalo Euphorbia, Bosmelkbos
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunModerate waterDry conditions

Euphorbia bubalina, Euphorbia laxiflora, Buffalo Euphorbia, Bosmelkbos
Euphorbia bubalina, Euphorbia laxiflora, Buffalo Euphorbia, Bosmelkbos
Euphorbia bubalina, Euphorbia laxiflora, Buffalo Euphorbia, Bosmelkbos


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_bubalina.htm

Euphorbia burmannii, Steenbokbos

Euphorbia burmannii

Steenbokbos
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunDry conditionsYellow/orange flowersIrritating

Euphorbia burmannii has cylindrical green stems with short-lived leaves on the young growth at the stem tips. It produces yellow flowers in winter and spring.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_burmannii.htm

Euphorbia caput-medusae, Medusa's Head

Euphorbia caput-medusae

Medusa's Head
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunDry conditionsWhite/off-white flowersIrritating

This succulent resembles the head of Medusa, with many serpent-like stems arising from a short, central caudex. White flowers bloom on short stalks rising from the ends of young branches in the spring and summer.



Euphorbia caput-medusae, Medusa's Head
Euphorbia caput-medusae, Medusa's Head
Euphorbia caput-medusae, Medusa's Head


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_caput_medusae.htm

Euphorbia characias, Bush Spurge
Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

Euphorbia characias

Bush Spurge
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: Mediterranean region
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterUnusual colorOrnamental foliageYellow/orange flowersIrritating

Distinctive and drought tolerant, this Euphorbia deserves to be used as a specimen. Its cylindrical flower heads are yellow-green and can reach 6 to 9 in. across and 9 in. high.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_characias.htm

Euphorbia confinalis, Confinalis, Lebombo Euphorbia, Lebombo Milktree
Euphorbia confinalis ssp. rhodesica

Euphorbia confinalis

Confinalis, Lebombo Euphorbia, Lebombo Milktree
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunModerate waterIrritatingThorny or spiny

Euphorbia confinalis, Confinalis, Lebombo Euphorbia, Lebombo Milktree
Euphorbia confinalis ssp. rhodesica
Euphorbia confinalis, Confinalis, Lebombo Euphorbia, Lebombo Milktree
Euphorbia confinalis, Confinalis, Lebombo Euphorbia, Lebombo Milktree


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_confinalis.htm

Euphorbia cooperi, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia

Euphorbia cooperi

Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: South Africa
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterPoisonous or toxicThorny or spiny

This spiny, succulent tree has a grey naked trunk up to 3 m high. Round holes on the trunk indicate where old branches have fallen off. Branches (succulent leaves) are conspicuously 4- to 6-winged and resemble a chunky string of beads.The spines form a spiky margin along each ridge on the branches. The yellowish-green flowers, which are clustered along ridges between the spines, are situated towards the tips of the branches.



Euphorbia cooperi, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia
Euphorbia cooperi, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia
Euphorbia cooperi, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia
Euphorbia cooperi, Transvaal Candelabra Tree, Bushveld Candelabra Euphorbia


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_cooperi.htm

Euphorbia cotinifolia, Red spurge, Mexican shrubby Spurge, Caribbean Copper Plant

Euphorbia cotinifolia

Red spurge, Mexican shrubby Spurge, Caribbean Copper Plant
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: Central and South America
Large shrub 5-10 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterOrnamental foliageIrritating

Small multi-stemmed tree or large shrub up to 10 feet. Wine red foliage and small white flowers. The red leaves stand out against the pale bark.

Euphorbia cotinifolia has red leaves the color of the Smoke Bush, Cotinus coggygria. The Caribbean Copper Plant will lose all of its leaves if there is anything even close to a frost. Euphorbia cotinifolia will perform best if there is regular garden water. While they are quite drought tolerant they withstand this affront by dropping all of their leaves.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_cotinifolia.htm

Euphorbia cyathophora, Euphorbia heterophylla, Poinsettia cyathophora, Summer Poinsettia, Wild Poinsettia, Fire on the mountain

Euphorbia cyathophora, Euphorbia heterophylla, Poinsettia cyathophora

Summer Poinsettia, Wild Poinsettia, Fire on the mountain
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Origin: Mexica
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunRegular waterModerate waterOrnamental foliageIrritating

Euphorbia cyathophora - poinsettia of United States and eastern Mexico; often confused with Euphorbia heterophylla. Euphorbia - type genus of the Euphorbiaceae: very large genus of diverse plants all having milky juice.

Euphorbia cyathophora usually having milky often poisonous juice.

Life cycle - annual, the plant grow upto 2ft tall; flowers - orange bracts. Bright red leaf surfaces near the flowers are much showier than the flowers themselves.

Light sun and ordinary garden soil. From seed germinate at room temperature. Self-seeds moderately in the garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/euphorbia_cyathophora.htm
 
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