TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Number of plants found: 6    

Elaeagnus angustifolia, Russian Silverberry, Oleaster, Russian Olive

Elaeagnus angustifolia

Russian Silverberry, Oleaster, Russian Olive
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: Central Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow, orange flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This large evergreen shrub is quite distinctive with its 5-10 feet tall and can even be grown as a small tree of 10-20 ft. It's native to Central Asia and has been widely grown in many areas.

Elaeagnus angustifolia needs full sun to stay healthy. It requires moderate water to thrive and will tolerate a range of soil conditions. This plant produces mildly fragrant yellow and orange flowers that attract butterflies and hummingbirds, followed by edible fruit in the fall and winter. The evergreen leaves are silver, which makes this shrub a highly prized ornamental plant.

The mature plants are quite capable of surviving short periods of cold down to 30's F. This means that those growing Elaeagnus angustifolia in USDA Zone 9-11 can enjoy the beauty of this plant year round.

The edible fruit produced by Elaeagnus angustifolia are yellow-red, sweet and acidic, and very popular among gardeners. The fruit can be eaten raw, cooked, or dried, and can be used to make jams, jellies, wines, and syrups. The leaves and twigs can also be dried and used as herbal teas or treatments for minor pain. The fruit is filled with nourishing and medicinal properties, such as high amounts of vitamin C, dietary fiber, and fatty acids, which are great for boosting digestion and gut health.

This plant can produce an abundance of fruit if given adequate water, but the amounts will vary based on the climate and the age of the plant. On average, one mature shrub will produce between 5-10 lbs of fruit, which is more than enough to feed a family.

In order to provide optimal growth, Elaeagnus angustifolia needs ample sunlight and moderate amounts of water. Potted plants in cooler regions should also be kept in a sheltered, sunny spot and can benefit from winter mulches or an indoor greenhouse or terrarium setup for protection from cold temperatures.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/elaeagnus_angustifolia.htm

Elaeagnus latifolia, Elaeagnus infundibularis, Bastard Oleaster

Elaeagnus latifolia, Elaeagnus infundibularis

Bastard Oleaster
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall plant 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Deciduous plantEdibleThorny or spiny

Elaeagnus latifolia, also known as Bastard Oleaster, is an ethnomedical plant native to the Mediterranean and central Asia regions. It is categorized as an evergreen deciduous plant, and can reach heights of 5 to 10 ft. Bastard Oleaster is grown in USDA Zones 9-11 and prefers to be planted in full sun to semi-shade. It enjoys moderate amounts of water and can tolerate a variety of soil conditions.

Fruits from this plant are edible and offer many medicinal properties. Round throughout the year, the fruits of Elaeagnus latifolia are small and about 1 cm in diameter. The reddish fruit possess an inedible leathery outer layer, and an edible fleshy fruit inside. Fruits are full of important nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, calcium, carotenoid, folate, and potassium. Not only is this fruit nutritious, consuming them can also provide anti-inflammatory, anti- Alzheimer's, and anti-aging effects.

Bastard Oleaster is easy to grow and requires minimal care. For cold regions, it is best to plant in a pot so it can be brought inside during periods of extreme cold. Pots should be watered regularly, fertilizer should be applied every 2-3 months, and occasionally prune away dead and overgrown branches.

Overall Elaeagnus latifolia is a low maintenance shrub that is a great source of healthy nutrients and medicinal properties. With its glossy evergreen leaves and spiny thorny branches, it makes a great addition to any garden.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/elaeagnus_latifolia.htm

Elaeagnus multiflora, Goumi, Gumi, Natsugumi, Cherry Silverberry, Cherry Elaeagnus

Elaeagnus multiflora

Goumi, Gumi, Natsugumi, Cherry Silverberry, Cherry Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: South East Asia
Can be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsEdibleSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Gumi is a rounded deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub that grows to 8 ft (2.4 m) in height. It is occasionally grown in Europe and North America as an ornamental plant and for its fruit.



Elaeagnus multiflora, Goumi, Gumi, Natsugumi, Cherry Silverberry, Cherry Elaeagnus


Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/elaeagnus_multiflora.htm

Elaeagnus philippinensis, Lingaro

Elaeagnus philippinensis

Lingaro
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: Philippines
Can be used for bonsaiLarge shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersEdible

Evergreen shrub with the added benefit of pale pink edible berries. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/elaeagnus_philippinensis.htm

Elaeagnus pungens, Thorny Elaeagnus, Spotted Elaeagnus, Silverthorn
Elaeagnus pungens Variegata

Elaeagnus pungens

Thorny Elaeagnus, Spotted Elaeagnus, Silverthorn
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: China, Japan
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersOrnamental foliageFragrantSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

For optimal growth, silverthorn requires at least 6 hours of direct sun each day, though it will also tolerate semi-shade. Water regularly at first, until the plant is established. Thereafter it can tolerate very dry conditions. Silverthorn is also able to withstand temperatures as low as 30 F (1 C) for a short period of time, but cold hardy varieties with lower tolerances are available.

For those who want to grow silverthorn in colder regions, keeping the plant in a pot provides an additional layer of insulation. Overwintering in an unheated garden shed or garage is also an option for more hardy specimens. Remove the plant from its pot, shake off any excess soil and place the roots right on the ground if planting in this manner. To avoid damaging the delicate roots, gently tease the tangled roots apart with your finger tips. The plant should then be covered with a thick layer of mulch or straw to insulate it.

Silverthorn makes an attractive addition to any garden with its ornamental foliage, fragrant flowers, and salt-tolerance. Fast growing and undemanding, this reliable evergreen is a valuable addition to warmer climates, as well as colder areas where it can be grown in a container or overwintered in a shed.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/elaeagnus_pungens.htm

Hippophae rhamnoides, Sea Buckthorn

Hippophae rhamnoides

Sea Buckthorn
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Origin: Temperate zones of Asia and Europe
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunModerate waterYellow, orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleThorny or spinySubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This is not a tropical plant, but is worth attention as an exception in our catalog.

Even though the history of Sea Buckthorn and its great medicinal and nutritional value can be traced back many centuries in Europe and Asia, it has only recently come to the attention of North Americans. The plant was fed to horses in ancient Greece, where it was found to improve their health and impart a gloss to their coat. The latter property explains the Latin name of this unique plant: Hippophae rhamnoides -- "shiny horse". A high-quality medical oil is produced from the fruit and used in the treatment of cardiac disorders. Russian cosmonauts have used its oil for protection against radiation burns in space. Contains 190 bio-active components. The oil is the best single source known to man for Vitamin E, Vitamin C, Beta-carotene, unsaturated fatty acids, essential amino acids and flavonoids. Overall the berries have proven to be among the most nutritious fruits known. Sea buckthorn is being increasingly used in making fruit juices, especially when mixed with other fruits, because of its reputed health benefits. The freshly pressed juice is used in the treatment of colds and exhaustion.

Branches are dense and stiff, and very thorny. The leaves are a distinct pale silvery-green, lanceolate, 2-3 in long and less than 1/4 in broad. It is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. The brownish male flowers produce wind-distributed pollen. Flowers in April.

Very cold hardy to hard freeze.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/hippophae_rhamnoides.htm


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