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A fast growing shade deciduous tree. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping.
The spectacular Bonfire tree produces flowers in short dense panicles which occur at the ends of the branches. The flowers are orange-red in color and hang downwards. The flowering stalks together with flowers are covered with fine downy hairs giving the whole inflorescence a soft, velvety look. During flowering phase, this Scarlet Sterculia is quite prominent and presents a brilliant sight because of its orange-red flowers against a leafless state. The plant goes dormant during winter and loses leaves. Young trees grown from a bulb/caudex and can be grown as a bonsai plant. When planted in the ground, it grows into a large tree.
Flowers are tan-yellow in color, they are panicles on the terminal ends of the branches. Flowering occurs from mid June to early July. Fruit are pea sized, attached to leafy carpels that split open after flowering. Provides dense shade, popular as a street tree in Asia.
One of the most characteristic and tallest trees of this vegetation type, it is a protected species and in natural habitat many of these large, yellow-barked trees have been left standing amid cultivation and grazing land, thus indicating how widespread the Sterculia forests used to be.
A small evergreen tree. Leaves alternate, chartaceous, oblong, apex acute. Inflorescence panicles, pubescent. Follicles sickle-like, with 1-2 seeds. An ornamental or avenue tree.
Large tree of Old World tropics having foul-smelling orange-red blossoms followed by red pods enclosing oil-rich seeds sometimes used as food. Roasted seeds are edible. Seeds are above-average for angiospermous plants for the amino acids. It has unisexual flowers with a single perianth whorl constituting a valvate calyx. Female flower has anthers of vestigial stamens around the base of the stalked ovary.
The seed is sometimes gathered from the wild for local consumption.