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Clump forming perennials up to 4 feet tall (1.2 m)Watering Needs: Moist, well drained soil.Propagation: Clump division, or rhizome.
This variety is commonly called the Christmas heliconia because its red and white inflorescences emerging during the winter Holiday season, although the plant will bloom throughout the rest of the year as well. Wild populations, which are native to southeastern Brazil, are classified as vulnerable. It is a beautiful tropical garden plant and horticultural specimen.
Golden Heliconia - excellent cut flowers, resembling Bird of Paradise in yellow to orange! Endemic to Central America - south Mexico and Guatemala. Its natural habitat is montane forests. Tropical, evergreen perennial with short rhizomes and smooth, leathery, 7 to 16 inch long, oblong leaves. The plant is a smaller species (4 - 5 ft) with a compact, relatively small, erect inflorescence. Unusual, 8 inch long inflorescences, resembling birds of paradise, hold light yellow to orange sepaled flowers. Borne from spring through summer. Cold-sensitive and requires a minimum temperature of 40 F. This species does not tolerate heavy clearing and disturbance.
Heliconia bihai cv.Emerald Forest has a striking solid green flower which is great for exotic flower arrangements, especially when combined with white flowers. The plant is vigorous, erect and clumping, from 6-8 feet tall. Can grow in partial shade to full sun. Blooms from March through July.
Heliconia caribea is one of the largest heliconias found commonly in the trade. If in reasonable conditions, it blooms all year. Many clones are available in a variety of flower colors.
Watering Needs: Moist, well drained soil.
Propagation: Clump division, or rhizome.
One of the most impressive hybrids Heliconia Caribaea x bihai Jacquini is the harder to get large growing variety. It has eyecatching bright red/orange bracts which have a thick golden border. Jacquinii is a natural hybrid that blooms prolifically in summer and autumn with spectacular huge upright bracts. A large, erect plant habit, with big broad tropical leaves. The bihais are quite tolerant of cooler conditions. Height growth varies 5-7 ft depending on the warmth of your climate. Grows well in partial shade to full sun.
Heliconia collinsiana is a popular ornamental plant in hot regions with a humid climate. Waxy white stems and undersides of leaves with long, pendulous bracts of orange and red. The fruits are very attractive, first yellow, then becoming mature to a bright purple-blue color.
Heliconia hirsuta Costa Flores is native to Costa Rica. It blooms from late spring to early summer. The Costa Flores produces dark red bracts with yellow sepals with black accents on them. It enjoys full sun to partial shade and flourishes in zones 10 and higher. To prevent wilting, it is recommended to water this plant daily. It can grow to be 3 to 5 feet in height. Great for attracting bees, butterflies, and birds.
Heliconia latispatha grows up to 12 ft tall, with leaves resembling those of bananas. Inflorescence is erect, up to 2 ft long, with red or orange bracts subtending green, yellow or orange flowers. What is nice about this Heliconia is how the blooms appear at the very top of the stalk, shown off above all the leaves.
Abundant water, needs heavy feeding in rich soil.
Heliconias are one of the most tropical looking plants. It is a must to have in a garden to create a tropical paradise. Heliconia psittacorum varieties form a group of smaller growing Heliconias which rarely exceed 5ft (1.5 m). They are less affected by cool temperatures than other Heliconias and also require less care. Can be grown in containers and kept indoors. Psittacorums have no particular blooming season and produce inflorescences all year long, usually blooming already during the first year after planting. Inflorescence makes a long lasting cut flower. The reddish pointed structures are called bracts. These tough, leathery structures protect the actual flower, which is yellow and quite delicate. The hummingbird that comes to this flower has a beak precisely shaped to fit into the flower. When the bird feeds, it receives a meal of nectar and in return, the plant's flower is pollinated. Grow best at temperatures above 70 F and should never be subjected to temperatures of less than 50 F for extended periods. Heavy feeders. The soil should be kept moist between waterings, never soaking wet. Propagation by rhizomes. See Thai Heliconia - varieties Gallery.