|Number of plants found: 21||Next||Go to page:||1||2||3|
This tree has stunning flower clusters. In the habitat it can grow tall, but can be grown in container as a small specimen tree. The trunk is very interesting, it becomes twisted, follows no particular pattern, making it a conversation piece. At the base it can form a bottle-like caudex if grown in a pot. It is slow growing and attains a height of about 15-20 ft when mature at the age of about 50 years or so. The bark of Dhak is fibrous and bluish gray to light brown in color. It exudes a kind of red juice when injured. That dries into a very useful gum. The leaves are large, up to 1 ft wide and long, compound, each has three leaflets with tough texture: coriascious with the surface glabrescent above and hairy silken beneath. The leaves fall off by December and reappear during spring. When the tree is leafless, it bears flaming orange to red-colored flowers appearing in February and stay on nearly up to the end of April. The flowers form a gorgeous canopy on the upper portion of the tree, giving the appearance of a flame from a distance. The fruit of palas is a flat legume; young pods have a lot of hair a velvety cover. The mature pods hang down like peculiar legumes. This plant is useful in many ways. Its leaves are essential for various religious rituals in Hindu homes. These are also used as cheap leaf plates and cups for rural feasts. In some parts of the country these are used for wrapping tobacco to make biddies. These are further used as packing material for parcels. The cattle also eat the Dhak foliage quite greedily.The bark of Dhak yields a kind of coarse and brown colored fiber, which is used for rough cordage. Butea gum is a dried astringent juice obtained from incisions in the stem of the tree. The juice exuded by the bark hardens in to brittle ruby colored gum beads. This gum is sanctioned to be used as a substitute for the kino gum. It finds use for caulking boats as well. The Dhak flowers yield an orange dye. The seeds are used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine for treating a number of human maladies. The Dhak tree acts as a host for lac insect and is, therefore, useful in producing natural lac. Use it as a specimen, or as a background component of the canopy. The tree loses its leaves as the flowers develop, in January - March. The plant has a good salt-tolerance, it can be used in coastal areas, but protect from direct exposure to salt spray, which will burn the leaves. See article about this plant with PICTURE GALLERY of Butea.
Rare species with amazing and unique flower. An excellent plant for landscaping use.
One of the most impressive erythrinas, this is a very rare hybrid of hortucultural origin. It produces flowers before its new leaves or just as the leaves begin to show. The flowers are a beautiful intense crimson color with a gradient to pink and white. Petals are very long and elegant. The flowers produce abundant nectar that attracts many nectar-feeding birds and insects, which attract the insect-feeding birds as well.
A showy hybrid of Erythrina crista-galli x Erythrina herbacea.
Erythrina bidwillii is a deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub to small tree when protected from frost can obtain the height of 20 feet. It flowers during the summer months a very attractive red pea shaped flower that stands out among the landscape. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. Cold hardy to at least light freeze; the most cold hardy varieties of all erythrinas.
Erythrina caffra is often confused with Erythrina lysistemon, the Common Coral tree. Erythrina caffra grows in the coastal and riverine fringe forests from Port Shepstone in KwaZulu-Natal to the Humansdorp District in Eastern Cape and in a pocket further north on the KwaZulu-Natal coast. It is generally taller than Erythrina lysistemon, the flowers are orange-scarlet, and a cream-flowered form is occasionally seen, and the standard petal is shorter and broader so that the stamens stick out of the flower giving it a whiskered look. In most other respects they are very similar, and were in fact regarded as the same variable species for many years and, when not in flower, are difficult to tell apart.
The Erythrina coralloides flowers come on when the tree has few if any leaves. The wood of this tree is weak and it can use some pruning to keep it from breaking itself down. The flowers have a hint of a purple hue. Bicolor form of the common Naked Coral Tree has white flower clusters, red flower clusters and mixed colored clusters. This hardy tropical tree is probably the most cold tolerant of the coral trees. Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping.
Seed is poisonous if ingested.
This is one of the hardiest of the coral trees. It has survived temperatures down into the low 20's and will come back from colder temperatures from the roots. It is sometimes grown as a very robust bush resprouting every year. It blooms strongly in the spring with brilliant red flowers. It gets up to 20 feet tall and wide when the conditions are kind.
Leaves are alternate, compound, with three leaflets, and the base of the petiole is swollen and cylindrical. Young leaves are eaten. Flowers are large, orange, and have a claw-like shape.