TROPICAL PLANT CATALOG


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Number of plants found: 38     Next    Go to page:  1  2  3  4

Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata, Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant

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Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata

Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: South Africa
Small shrub 2-5 ftFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowers

Senecio articulatus has fat cylindrical stems with periodic constrictions, giving an impression of sausage-links. These are decoratively enhanced by reddish-purple markings. The notched and dissected leaves are a bright green, sometimes flushed with purple.



Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata, Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant

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Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata, Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant

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Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata, Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant

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Curio articulatus, Senecio articulatus, Kleinia articulata, Hot Dog Cactus, Candle Plant

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Curio herreanus, Senecio herreianus, Gooseberry, String of Beads

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Curio herreanus, Senecio herreianus

Gooseberry, String of Beads
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: South West Africa
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunDry conditionsOrnamental foliage

These species are leafy succulents, in that they store large amounts of water in their leaves (as opposed to stems as do the cacti) and can withstand long periods of drought. Gooseberry leaves are football shaped and about 3/8 inch long. The unique shapes of the fleshy leaves greatly reduce the surface area exposed to the hot and dry environment, so they lose a bare minimum of the precious water extracted from the soil. The reduced surface area, however, limits the amount of the sun's energy the plants can absorb for photosynthesis. Nature's way of compensating for this limited external surface area is to have a 'window' or slit of transparent tissue in each leaf that allows light to enter and be absorbed by the photosynthetic cells lining the inside. Therefore, light absorption occurs on the outer surface as well as the inner surface. This allows the plant to produce a sufficient amount of food by photosynthesis while conserving its water. The central core of each leaf is composed of clear, non-pigmented water storage cells. See Senecio rowleyanus.





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Curio rowleyanus, Senecio rowleyanus, String of peas, String of pearls, Bead Plant

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Curio rowleyanus, Senecio rowleyanus

String of peas, String of pearls, Bead Plant
Family: Asteraceae
Origin: South Africa
Groundcover and low-growing 2ftFull sunSemi-shadeDry conditionsWhite/off-white flowersFragrant

Senecio rowleyanus has small spherical leaves about 1/4 inch in diameter. These are strung on thin stems like beads of a necklace. These stems also carry adventitious roots which grow down into the soil as the stems lengthen so that eventually the plant becomes a dense mat on top of the soil as well as the lengthening stems hanging over the edge of the pot at they grow longer. Small flowers are white and smell like cinnamon. Senecios must have bright light including two to three hours a day of direct sunlight through the year.





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Curio x peregrinus, Senecio x peregrinus, Dolphin Necklace, Flying Dolphins, Senecio Hippogriff

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Curio x peregrinus, Senecio x peregrinus

Dolphin Necklace, Flying Dolphins, Senecio Hippogriff
Family: Asteraceae
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeRegular waterModerate waterWhite/off-white flowers

The plant is a hybrid between Curio rowleyanus and Curio articulatus.

The plant does well in hanging baskets, where its leaves can shower downward. The plant thrives under bright, indirect light with some morning sun and in semi-shade under moist conditions.





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Senecio x peregrinus - String of Dolphins

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String of Dolphins, or String of Bananas (Senecio...  more

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Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia, Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki

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Adenanthera pavonina, Adenanthera gersenii, Adenanthera polita, Corallaria parvifolia

Red Sandalwood, Coral Bean Tree, Saga, Sagaseed Tree, Red-bead Tree, Raktakambal, Kokriki
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: India
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterYellow/orange flowersFragrantIrritatingEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.EdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short timeSeaside, salt tolerant plant

A medium-sized tree up to 15 m high, Adenanthera pavonina is native to India and Malaysia. It has been planted extensively throughout the tropics as an ornamental and has become naturalized in many countries.

The tiny flowers are said to smell vaguely like orange blossoms.

The slender flattened pods become twisted as they split open at maturity to release up to 12 brilliant red, lens - shaped, extremely hard seeds. The ripened pods stay on the tree for some time. The seeds are used in necklaces and ornaments, as beads in jewellery, leis and rosaries. They were also used in ancient India for weighing gold. The seeds are curiously similar in weight. Four seeds make up about one gramme. In fact the name "saga" is traced to the Arabic term for "goldsmith".

In Malaysia and Indonesia, the trees provide shade and planted as "nurse trees" in coffee, clove and rubber plantations.

Although the raw seeds are toxic, when cooked they are edible: are roasted, shelled and then eaten with rice in Java, Indonesia. In Melanesia and Polynesia people call it the "food tree". The seeds are said to taste like soy bean. The young leaves can be cooked and eaten, but usually only during famine.

The hard reddish wood of the red sandalwood tree is used for cabinet making. A red dye, obtained from the wood, is used by Brahmins to mark religious symbols on their foreheads. A red powder made from the wood is used as an antiseptic paste. In Ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism. The bark was used to wash hair.





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Adenanthera pavonina - seeds

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Red Sandalwood, Saga. Popular Indian tree with many...  more
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Aechmea sp., Bromeliad

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Aechmea sp.

Bromeliad
Family: Bromeliaceae
Subfamily: Bromelioideae
Origin: Tropical America
Small shrub 2-5 ftSemi-shadeEpiphyteRegular waterPink flowersBlue/lavender/purple flowersOrnamental foliageRed/crimson/vinous flowersYellow/orange flowers

The Aechmea is very diversified, hardy, extremely popular, and very easily cultivated in the bromeliad family group. They range in sizes from a very tiny 6 inches, to more than 10 feet in height and 6 feet in diameter. Their foliage colors vary from lime green, yellow, red, burgundy, and black, and incorporates many patterns, spots, stripes, bands, silvering, shadings, and blotches. These patterns often vary form the top of the leaf to the bottom of it. The Aechmea family has large inflorescence and brightly colored, long lasting bracts that holds the magnitude of tiny flowers. Often the colorful berry-like fruits mature for a long time on the flower spike. It's a very healthy, cold and rot resistant plant to grow outdoors fixed in trees, walls, or, in pots in an orchid mix.

Adult plants need a sunny position to become red in the blooming period. In a luminous shade it flowers, but the leaves remain green. The rose bracts persist a long time, and if flowers are pollinated black pointed fruits will appear as shown in the picture. It's curious because, when the plant grows in very shaded locations the leaves become very long, to the point to seem a completely different plant and very elegant indeed, with no weak aspects. However, if it is gradually moved to full sun it blooms and the leaves become red.





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Aechmea tillandisiodes - seeds

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Aechmea tillandsioides is a showy exotic bromeliad...  more
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Araujia sericifera, Physianthus albens, Bladder flower

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Araujia sericifera, Physianthus albens

Bladder flower
Family: Asclepiadaceae
Origin: South America
Vine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite/off-white flowersFragrantAttracts butterflies, hummingbirds

A bold and distinct twining evergreen climber or robust twining shrub having racemes of fragrant white or pink flowers with flat spreading terminal petals that trap nocturnal moths and hold them until dawn. Flowers all summer. The foliage is a light grey green and the plant can be kept back by pruning. After a long hot summer, large green pod like curious fruits are carried. Sometimes referred to as the cruel plant due to the moths that pollinate it being held onto by the flowers and only being released the following day. Only suitable for sunny spots in warmer counties or conservatory where the scent is more noticeable.





Link to this plant:
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Asimina triloba, Pawpaw, American Custard Apple, West Virginia Banana, Indiana Banana

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Asimina triloba

Pawpaw, American Custard Apple, West Virginia Banana, Indiana Banana
Family: Annonaceae
Origin: North America
Small tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterDeciduousEdibleSubtropical, cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

Deciduous tree growing to about 30 feet, with large drooping leaves and curious flowers of disagreeable odor opening in the spring before the leaves. The fruit is 3"-5" long and is almost black when ripe, with a highly aromatic flavor. The fruit tastes like mix of papaya and banana and is often called an Indian banana. The name pawpaw comes from the Arawakan Indian name for the papaya. Grows as far north as New York and southern Ontario, out west as far as Nebraska and Texas, and south to Florida. The young plant is very sensitive to full sunlight and requires filtered sun for the first year or two. The use of tree shelters is an ideal solution to the problem, permitting the plant to receive a full day of filtered sunlight. Once established, pawpaws prefer full sun. The large dangling leaves dislike strong winds. Pawpaws do best in deep, fertile soil that is moist, but well-drained and slightly acid (pH 5-7).





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/asimina_triloba.htm

Averrhoa bilimbi, Bilimbi, Cucumber Tree, Tree Sorrel, Kamias, Belimbing Asam, Belimbing Buloh

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Averrhoa bilimbi

Bilimbi, Cucumber Tree, Tree Sorrel, Kamias, Belimbing Asam, Belimbing Buloh
Family: Oxalidaceae
Origin: Moluccas
Big tree > 20 ftSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunRegular waterEdible

It is very common in Thailand, Malaya and Singapore. The bilimbi is closely allied to the carambola but quite different in appearance, manner of fruiting, flavor and uses. The only strictly English names are "cucumber tree" and "tree sorrel". "Bilimbi" is the common name in India and has become widely used. The tree is attractive, reaches 35 ft in height. Small, fragrant, yellowish-green or purplish flowers marked with dark-purple, are borne in small, hairy panicles emerging directly from the trunk and oldest, thickest branches and some twigs, as do the clusters of curious fruits resembling small cucumbers that grow on strunk and stems. The bilimbi is generally regarded as too acid for eating raw, but in some places, the green, uncooked fruits are prepared as a relish. Ripe fruits are frequently added to curries in the Far East or used in place of mango to make chutney. The fruit juice is popular for making cooling beverages on the order of lemonade. To reduce acidity, it may be first pricked and soaked in water overnight and boiled with sugar to make a jam or an acid jelly. Half-ripe fruits are salted, set out in the sun, and pickled in brine and can be thus kept for 3 months. A quicker pickle is made by putting the fruits and salt into boiling water. This product can be kept only 4 to 5 days. The flowers are sometimes preserved with sugar. Read more about this fruit tree.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/averrhoa_bilimbi.htm

Cucumber tree (Averrhoa bilimbi)

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Bilimbi, Cucumber tree, Tree Sorrel. Pretty tropical...  more
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Barringtonia asiatica, Mammea asiatica, Barringtonia speciosa, Agasta asiatica, Butonica rumphina, Sea Poison Tree, Langasat, Fish Poison Tree, Putat Laut, Butun, Butong, Pertun, Balubiton, Lugo, Motong-botong, Vuton

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Barringtonia asiatica, Mammea asiatica, Barringtonia speciosa, Agasta asiatica, Butonica rumphina

Sea Poison Tree, Langasat, Fish Poison Tree, Putat Laut, Butun, Butong, Pertun, Balubiton, Lugo, Motong-botong, Vuton
Family: Barringtoniaceae / Lecythidaceae
Origin: Coastal areas of: Indian, Madagascar, Philippines, Polynesia
Can be used for bonsaiSmall tree 10-20 ftFull sunKeep soil moistPink flowersWhite/off-white flowersFragrantEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
Ethnomedical statements / products have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. We urge all customers to consult a physician before using any supplements, herbals or medicines advertised here or elsewhere.Attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsPoisonous or toxicFlood tolerantSeaside, salt tolerant plant

This curious plant grows in sand or sand-mix with lots of water and sun. The stem will reach for up to 60Ft, and the flowers are white. It can be reproduced by seeds. What seems to be a caudex is just the large nut which will disappear by time. In habitat it is a large tree that grows on sandy and rocky shores, it has large leaves held in rosettes at the ends of branches. The young leaves are a beautiful bronze with pinkish veins. Old leaves turn yellowish. The flowers are delightful puff balls of white stamens tipped with pink. They open at night and attract large moths and nectar-feeding bats with their heavy scent. The next morning, the flower stamens are usually found strewn beneath the tree. The fruits have a typical lantern shape and float on the water. The fruit can survive drifting on the sea for long distances and for periods of up to 2 years. They were among the first seeds to arrive on the island of Krakatau when it first emerged out of the sea. The outermost layer of the fruit wall is green turning brown when ripe. The middle layer is spongy and contains air sacs to help the fruit float. The innermost layer is hard and thick to protect the seed (the layers of spongy and hard coverings are somewhat similar to the coconut). All parts of the tree contain saponin, a poison. The seeds and other parts of the plant are pounded, pulped or grated to release the poison and used to stun fish in freshwater streams. The floating seeds are sometimes used as fishing floats. A colorful shady tree, it is commonly planted as a roadside tree. The heated leaves are used to treat stomach ache and rheumatism (Philippines); seeds are used to get rid of intestinal worms.





Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/barringtonia_asiatica.htm

Barringtonia asiatica - Fish Poison Tree

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Fish Poison Tree. This curious plant grows in sand...  more

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