An attractive flowering tree whose natural range is Brazil and the mountain forests of Bolivia and which is now widely planted from the Mediterranean region to the tropics. Tipuana tipu is a large, spreading evergreen tree to 50-60 ft. Bark red-brown; trunk fissured and flaking with age, bark on the branches gray and cracked, sap from the cut branches red and sticky. Blooming time is in summer (June-August). The tree is drought resistant and prefers sunny locations. Trees tolerate a wide variety of soils, but are shallow rooted therefore young plants should be staked and watered until roots are established. Occasional pruning and deep watering is recommended, once the hardy plants are established. The plant, although considered subtropical, is surprisingly hardy to at least light frosts.