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Schizolobium parahyba, Brazilian Fern Tree, Brazilian Fire-Tree, Tower Tree

Schizolobium parahyba

Brazilian Fern Tree, Brazilian Fire-Tree, Tower Tree
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Origin: Central America
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapBig tree taller than 20 ftFull sunModerate waterRegular waterYellow, orange flowersPlant attracts butterflies, hummingbirdsDeciduous plant

Schizolobium parahyba (Brazilian Fern Tree) is suitable for USDA Zones 9-11. In cultivation, mostly found in warm regions such as Florida and California, the species is ideally planted in full sun, although it can tolerate partial shade. In opinion of most gardeners, its golden flowers, appearing in clusters of two or three, are its most endearing feature. Blossoms appear in the spring and summer, as clusters of small yellow to orange flowers. These flowers can attract butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators to your garden.

Schizolobium parahyba is not very difficult to keep and can easily adapt to most soils, although it prefers well-draining soils. To maintain a healthy and vigorous tree, it needs to be watered usually in dry periods, with moderate amounts of water. In summer, weekly watering should be enough to keep it well hydrated. In winter, when days are dry, extra watering will be necessary to maintain its lush foliar.

In cold regions, Schizolobium parahyba is grown in containers. Planting and caring for it as a container plant is easy. Water it regularly during the growing season, providing enough water to keep the soil slightly moist. During the winter, watering can be reduced or suspended for a short period, but never completely forgotten. To protect the plant from cold and freeze, it is recommended to bring it into a sheltered place and cover it with layers of cloth or plastic.

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