Gmelina arborea , Gamhar

Gmelina arborea

Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: Southeastern Asia
USDA Zone: 9-11?
USDA Plant Hardiness MapSmall tree 10-20 ftSemi-shadeFull sunRegular waterYellow, orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
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Gmelina arborea is native to Southeastern Asia and is traditionally planted for providing shade, for making of bridges, for fuel wood and for timber. It is also often grown as an ornamental tree. This small tree averages 10-20 feet in height and prefers full sun to semi-shade, though will tolerate full shade. It needs regular water but is drought-tolerant once established. Gmelina arborea has beautiful yellow and orange flowers in spring and early summer.

When grown in a pot, Gmelina arborea is a great choice for brightening up the garden. Plant the tree in well-draining, loose soil and be sure to place it in a position that receives full sun or partial shade. It is important to provide your Gmelina arborea with regular watering, especially during the hot summer months. Fertilize the tree with a slow-release fertilizer in order to keep it healthy and flowering.

In colder regions, Gmelina arborea is best grown in pots and brought inside during winter. It is mature cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time. When winterizing a Gmelina arborea in a pot, make sure to move it to a cool and dark location indoors. Do not let temperatures drop below freezing. Provide the tree with minimal watering during the coldest months, but keep it away from any sources of heat. Once spring arrives, move the tree back indoors and resume regular watering and fertilization.

Gmelina arborea is a beautiful addition to the garden and offers many benefits. It is easy to maintain and its yellow and orange flowers add a splash of color to the garden. It is also an ethnomedical plant and it is used to treat various ailments in SE Asia. With proper care, Gmelina arborea makes a great tree for brightening up your garden.

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