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Fremontodendron californicum, California Flannelbush, California Fremontia

Fremontodendron californicum

California Flannelbush, California Fremontia
Family: Malvaceae
Origin: California
Large shrub 5-10 ft tallFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterYellow, orange flowersEthnomedical plant.
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The plant is a flowering evergreen hardwood shrub or small multi-trunked tree.

The leaves are olive to gray−green, fuzzy and flannel-like, palmately to pinnately lobed. The hairs covering the leaves are easily brushed off in human contact, and can be a skin and eye irritant. The large flowers a rich yellow, sometimes with orange, coppery, or reddish margins.

It typically grows in sandy washes near seasonal creeks, or in chalky well-drained mountain hillsides that get plenty of rainfall. By summer, the evergreen plants are dormant, in which state summer irrigation swiftly kills them. Is drought tolerant. Needs good drainage.

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