Flowering dogwood, also known as Cornus florida, is a perennial flowering plant that is native to the Eastern United States. It is a popular ornamental plant and can be used as a full-size flowering tree, medium-size shrub, or bonsai specimen in temperate regions. The tree typically reaches a height of 10-20 ft at maturity and has green deciduous leaves that turn red and purple in the autumn.
The plant is widely grown for its stunning showy spring flowers. Flowering dogwood blooms in the spring with four petal-like bracts mostly in white or pink, surrounding a mass of tiny yellowish flowers. Its flowers are loved by butterflies and hummingbirds, making the tree a great addition to any garden as it can attract wildlife. The growth rate is moderate, and minimal pruning is required for plant care.
Planting dogwood in an area with partial to full sun and moderate water is recommended. It is hardy in USDA Zone 6-9. If planting in a pot and in a cold region, move the container indoors during winter, and take outdoors in summer. Flowering dogwood is an excellent ornamental plant suitable for many climates and is an attractive addition to any garden. It is an ideal choice for novice gardeners due to its showy blooms and easy-care nature.