TROPICAL PLANT ENCYCLOPEDIA


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Aristolochia littoralis, Aristolochia elegans, Elegant Dutchmans Pipe, Calico Flower

Aristolochia littoralis, Aristolochia elegans

Elegant Dutchmans Pipe, Calico Flower
Family: Aristolochiaceae
Origin: Brazil
Vine or creeperFull sunSemi-shadeModerate waterWhite, off-white flowersRed, crimson, vinous flowersAttracts butterflies, hummingbirdsInvasiveSubtropical, mature plant cold hardy at least to 30s F for a short time

This vine does best in full sun to semi-shade areas, but is able to tolerate light shade. It prefers moderate water during the growing season and drier periods during dormancy, but will become drought tolerant with maturity. Plant in well-drained soil and feed with general fertilizer in the spring. Prune to shape as desired.

The name is derived from the Greek aristos, meaning best, and lochia, meaning delivery, because it was valued in child birthing and the resemblance of the shape of the flower as a human fetus in the womb.

It grows well in USDA Zones 9-11. For cold regions, it can be grown in a pot. The vines are heavy and require strong support. Keep in a bright, warm spot indoors for winter and move it outdoors in summer when the threat of frost is gone. Water as necessary, keeping the soil slightly moist, but not soggy. Move the pot to a sheltered location in autumn before the cold weather sets in, and bring it back indoors if temperatures drop below freezing for more than a short time.

Aristolochia littoralis is an attractive plant, with its white and off-white flowers, tinged with red or crimson, and large yellowish-green pipe-like calyx. The blooms are also a favorite of butterflies and hummingbirds. This plant is butterfly larval plant. This ornamental vine is cultivated in Hawaii and other tropical areas for its colorful and unique pipe shaped flowers that are usually pollinated by flies which are attracted to the carrion-like odor and to the purple and brown color of the flowers. The striking foliage and flowers add interest to any garden. Though considered an invasive species in some areas, in more temperate regions this plant is a great addition to the garden.


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Link to this plant:
https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/aristolochia_littoralis.htm

Aristolochia littoralis (elegans) - Calico flower

Dwarf Pelican flower, Calico flower. Easy to grow, fast growing vine with curious flowers, relatively cold hardy (to some frost). Flowers are similar to A. gigantea, but smaller size (4-5").

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