Tulip Orchids are rather large terrestrial and sometimes epiphytic plants with fleshy pseudobulbs longer than 20 cm. The long, lanceolate and plicate leaves of a full-grown Anguloa can be more than 1 m long. Two to four leaves grow from the base of each pseudobulb. The leaves are deciduous, and are shed at the start of each new growth.
The flowers of these orchids have a strong scent of cinnamon.
Anguloa clowesii grows in the mountains with very moist conditions at the roots. There is a dry season, and this coincides with the dropping of their deciduous leaves. The flowers emerge at the base of the newest growths in late winter to early summer.
Anguloa virginalis is a Anguloa endemic to Colombia.