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Afzelia xylocarpa, Craib, Makha Tree, Cambodia Beng Tree

Afzelia xylocarpa

Craib, Makha Tree, Cambodia Beng Tree
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Origin: Southeast Asia
Big tree > 20 ftFull sunModerate waterUnusual colorEthnomedical plant.
Plants marked as ethnomedical and/or described as medicinal, are not offered as medicine but rather as ornamentals or plant collectibles.
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Afzelia xylocarpa is a tree from Southeast Asia. It grows in Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma in deciduous forests. It is a large tropical deciduous tree. The seeds are harvested for medicinal purposes. The seed and oil are edible and is medicinally for eye disease and toothaches relief. Leaves are high in nitrogen and help improve soil conditions.

The tree can reach 120 ft tall with a trunk up to 6 ft in diameter in a mature specimen. The seed pulp can be used to make cigarettes, and the bark and seed are used for herbal medicine. The highly figured lumber is often sold as Afzelia Xylay. The wood is used for ornamental woodturning, pens, knife handles, carvings, and musical instruments. In Cambodia, A. xylocarpa (locally known as Beng) are planted as shading trees due to its wide-ranging branches. At roadsides and waterways, the tree provides a good wind barrier and protection from water-driven soil erosion.

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