It is one of the most widely planted eucalypts in the world. The tree produces welcome shade in the extreme temperatures, and plays an important role in stabilising river banks, holding the soil and reducing flooding. The species is named for a private estate garden near the Camaldoli monastery near Naples (L'Hortus Camaldulensis di Napoli), from where the first specimen came to be described. Red gum is so named for its brilliant red wood, which can range from a light pink through to almost black, depending on the age and weathering. Cold hardy, very fast growing. Like all eucalyptus trees it can grow as much as 6-12 ft per season.