Water solution tips

  • When. Apply solutions preferrably in morning hours so the plant has time to process the nutrients during daylight when metabolism is the most active.
  • How often. All Sunshine Boosters can be used with every watering year around including winter time (unlike dry fertilizers), even on dormant plants. Dormant plants will get just as much food as needed: boosters are applied with every watering, which will be reduced in winter. Sunshine Boosters formulas have full spectrum of essential elements. Amino-acids provide total consumption, so nutrients do not build up in soil even with daily applications.
  • Solution. Dissolve nutrients in water and stir well (add them all to water, don't mix concentrates). Prepare solution right before use and do not store solution more than 1 day. When using Micro- and Macro-boosters, you may mix all components in one watering can/tank (except for SUNSHINE Epi), using regular tap water.
  • Compatibility. All solutions in SUNSHINE Booster Nutrition System (NPK-macro and micro-boosters) are compatible and can be mixed all in one watering-can right before use. Do NOT mix with other concentrated fertilizers.
  • SUNSHINE Epi. Apply Sunshine Epi first as foliar spray, before other applications, for better effect. It should be mixed with distilled water separately from other boosters. It is very bio-active, and if mixed with other compounds, oxidizes quickly which may affect its performance. Apply as foliar spray only (it only works on contact with leaves and not through the root system).
  • Use DISTILLED water for Sunshine Epi - brassinosteroid bio-stimulant.
  • Use clean TAP water: for all macro- and micro- nutrients and other solutions (distilled water always beneficial but not necessary)
  • Foliar spray. Besides watering root ball, macro-micro solution can be also used for foliar spray. It is optional, as in some circumstances growers prefer to keep leaves dry at all times: to stay away from mold, fungus and other issues caused by wet environment.
  • How much to water. Give enough water for 10-20% runoff, and always remove runoff
  • Growth stages in hydroponics. If the stage of a plant development lasts longer than the time indicated in the table, use the last recipe indicated for the stage. For example, if a vegetative stage is indicated for the 2nd and 3rd week, use the recipe for the third week throughout the vegetative stage. Repeat Week 3 for a longer vegetative period, Repeat Week 8 for a longer flowering stage
  • For smaller amounts use drop bottles (1 ml = 30 drops)
  • Water solution tips:
    • 5 ml / 1 gal = 30 drops / 16 oz (standard water bottle)
    • 2.5 ml / 1 gal = 15 drops / 16 oz (standard water bottle)

Storage

Prepare solution right before use and do not store solution more than 6 hours.

Keep concentrates and solutions protected from bright sunlight at room temperature (range between 65-90F). Do not refrigerate.

The nutrients will last for years even when opened as long as they’re properly stored in a darkened area (no direct sunlight) with cool (but not freezing) temperatures. When stored properly, these nutrients can last for years.


Stages of young plant development

Booster applications, ml/gal

 

Epi
2.5 ml/gal

Bombino
daily
Robusta
daily

SuperFood
weekly

Power
weekly

Pre-soaking seeds 3-6 hours        
Pre-soaking cuttings 30-40 min        
Sprouting weekly 25      
2 leaves weekly 25      
3-4 leaves weekly   25 5  
vegetative growth monthly   25 5 25
pre-flower monthly     5 25
buds monthly     5 25

Tips for propagation from seed and cuttings:

  • Propagation mix must have very high drainage characteristics. Use Sunshine Starter Mixes
  • Leaves must stay moist (fine mist), roots - not soggy
  • Pre-treatment with fungicide to avoid rot
  • Pre-treatment with rooting hormone (for cuttings) and Sunshine-Epi (cuttings and seeds). Rooting hormones (dry or liquid) also work as fungicide and help to prevent cuttings rot.
  • Rooted cuttings and germinated seeds must start getting fertilizer right away to make food available for forming roots

Formulation for Hydroponics (injectors)

Sunshine Pro - Complete Nutrition System PRO Series (2+2)
for grow facilities, injectors

Nutrition composition for each stage (ppm in irrigation water)

Element Seedling Vegetative Transition Early Bloom Mid Bloom Late Bloom Ripening
N 50  100  100  90  90  80  80 
P 35  70  70  120  120  60  60 
K 110  180  180  150  150  100  100 
Ca 50  100  100  100  100  100  100 
Mg 12  30  30  25  25  15  15 
S 20  35  35  20  20  10  10 
Na 10  10  10  10  10  10 
Cl 15  15  15  15  15  15 
Fe
Mn 0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5  0.5 
B 0.35  0.35  0.35  0.35  0.35  0.35  0.35 
Zn 0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1  0.1 
Cu 0.04  0.04  0.04  0.04  0.04  0.04  0.04 
Mo 0.025  0.025  0.025  0.025  0.025  0.025  0.025 
Co 0.003  0.003  0.003  0.003  0.003  0.003  0.003 

Sunshine Boosters Pro application feed chart (Drain-to-Waste)

ml for 1 gal of water
Stage Advantage
(A-Pro)
Bloom Boom
(B-Pro)
Сa-Support-Pro Constanta-Pro Total
Seedling 5 5 2 12
Vegetative Growth 10 10 2 22
Transition 10 10 2 22
Early Bloom   10 10 2 22
Mid Bloom 10 10 2 22
Late Bloom 5 10 2 17
Ripening 5 10 2 17

Sunshine Pro usage calculation

Estimated amounts required for 1 growing season (16 weeks of Hemp cycle)

Sunshine Pro 1 plant 500 plants 1000 plants
  ml liters/quarts gallons
Advantage-Pro 210 105 52
BloomBoom-Pro 230 115 57
Ca-Support-Pro 490 245 122
Constanta-Pro 100 50 25
Total: 716 358 179
Total grow time: 16 weeks

Drain-to-Waste and Recirculating Feeding Charts


pH of watering solution

Adjusting pH of watering solution is acritical factor. Checking pH in professional grow facilities is normally performed 1-2 times a day. Optimum pH is 5.5 +/- 0.5.

Most popular way for adjusting pH is using acids: HNO3 (at vegetative stage) or H3PO4 (at bloom stage)

We recommend Sunshine Power which protects Iron from oxidising. Dosage: 100-200 ml/gal for lowering pH from 6.5 to 5.5-6.0 depending of your water, after that within 24 hours dosage will be 2-5 ml per gal. Additional correction can be done by adding acids.



For Home Gardeners

Sunshine Combo - Individual boosters for specific plants


Dosage with every watering

ml per 1 gal of water
Bombino Houseplant Ananas Robusta Pikake Megaflor C-Cibus Mango Tango
5 5 10 25 25 25 25 25

Mail-ordered plant stress relief

  day 1 day 7 day 14 day 21 after day 30
flowering plants
after day 30
fruiting plants
Micro-boosters            
Booster ml/gal            
SUNSHINE™ Epi 2.5   2.5   2.5 2.5

SUNSHINE™ Power - daily

25 25 25 25 25/mo 25/mo
SUNSHINE™ SuperFood   5   5 5/mo 5/mo
SUNSHINE™ HumiHum         5/mo 5/mo
SUNSHINE™ Honey           5
SUNSHINE™-GreenLeaf         5 5
Macro-boosters            
Liquid boosters for every watering            
Bombino - daily 5          
Robusta - daily   25 25 25    
Megaflor - daily         25  
C-Cibus - daily           25

Established plants schedule

Tropical ornamentals, fruit trees & edibles

  • To maintain pH between 5.5-6.5: SUNSHINE™ Power can be used with every watering. Additionally, it dechlorinates tap water and is used to lower the pH of a fertilizer solution
  • Week and stressed plants (water-stressed, heat stressed. cold-stresse. etc.): use SUNSHINE™ Epi which will boost the plan's immune system and help recover quickly
  • Correcting iron deficiency (chlorosis, yellowing leaves with darke veins): use SUNSHINE™ GreenLeaf, a very potent Iron supplement to make plants green very quickly

Transplanting, rooting and seedling:

Use Sunshine Bombino 5 ml/gal + Constanta 5 ml/gal + Ca-Support 5 ml/gal, mixed in tap water

For rapid growth and green mass gain of any plant (mainly at the beginning of the season):
Use Sunshine Robusta 25 ml/gal mixed in tap water

Buds with flowers formation, until the moment of flowering:
Use Sunshine Megaflor 25 ml/gal mixed in tap water

To induce flowering:

Megaflor 25 ml/gal mixed in tap water

Flowering and ripening period for all plants:

Use Sunshine Megaflor 25 ml/gal mixed in tap water.

In winter, during hibernation*, for all large trees that are not actively developing:

Use Sunshine C-Cibus 25 ml/gal mixed in tap water

* For tropical plants, dry or soluble fertilizers can be used only when min. temperatures stay above 65F. Sunshine liquid boosters can be used in Winter too thanks to their mild formulas and low concentrations.

!!! To enhance effect of all nutrients, apply SUNSHINE™ Epi before application of micro- or macro-nutrients

  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Micro-boosters                        
Booster ml/gal                        

SUNSHINE™ Epi - monthly to bi-weekly, as needed

2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

SUNSHINE™ Power - monthly to daily, as needed

    25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25  

SUNSHINE™ SuperFood - monthly

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

SUNSHINE™ HumiHum - monthly

    5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5  

SUNSHINE™ Honey - monthly

  5 5 5   5     5      

SUNSHINE™ GreenLeaf - as needed

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Macro-boosters for general plant health                        
Booster ml/gal - with every watering                        

SUNSHINE Bombino

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

SUNSHINE Robusta

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

SUNSHINE Megaflor

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

SUNSHINE C-Cibus

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
Specialized boosters for specific plant types                        
Booster ml/gal - with every watering                        
SUNSHINE Home 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
SUNSHINE Ananas 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
SUNSHINE Pikake 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
SUNSHINE Mango Tango 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

Examples of Sunshine Boosters applications

  • 1. Daily watering: NPK 25 ml/gal, mixed in tap water
  • 2. Every 2 weeks: spray Sunshine-Epi 2.5 ml/gal -  to boost immune system and growth rate, mixed in distilled water
  • 3. From daily to every 2 weeks: Sunshine-Power-Si 25 ml/gal to protect from diseases and keep pH at 5.5-6.5. Can be used as often as daily and mixed with daily watering solution (1)
  • 4. As needed: Sunshine SuperFood and GreenLeaf - for correcting deficiencies. Can be also mixed with daily solution (1)

You can mix different nutrient components together in solution, except Epi. (See also advanced information on Sunshine Boosters compatibility)

Add them into water (do not mix concentrates, mix into water)


How to treat deficiencies

Q: Problems with Lemon and Mango trees. On the Citrus, the leaves show bad signs of clorosis, and Mango leaves have some kind of deficiency and curling up... I tried iron supplement but it didn't help a thing. What should I do?

A: Both plants show obvious Nitrogen (N) deficiency in young leaves that look evenly-yellowish-pale.

Reddish spots are signs of Phosphorus (P) deficiency.

Dry leaf appearance is a sign of lack of of Potassium (K)

Both plants lacking not only micro-elements but also basic NPK nutrients. In situation with NPK deficiency, micro-element deficiency always develops quickly and regardless of presence of micro-elements in daily feeding. It is like taking lots of vitamins while starving and not eating a regular meal.

In most cases, element deficiencies appear as a complex, and more than one element are lacking. This is why Complete Nutrition System is the answer to all problems that may occur.

Following regular schedule of feeding will keep your plants healthy and always looking like they just arrived from a professional Garden Center!

Prescription:

See more: Diseases and Disorders of Leaves and Twigs

Tips for winter fertilizing

As a rule of thumb, plant's needs in fertilizers are very low in the cold season because they consume less nutrients during dormancy. For tropical plants, when minimum temperatures drop below 65F - we stop applications of dry (granulated) fertilizers until spring, to avoid root burn. When a plant goes into full dormancy (drops leaves and does not show any new growth), you stop fertilizing with any dry Macro NPK products.

Liquid Sunshine Boosters are exceptions from this rule, for 2 reasons:

- they are amino-acid based which means, salts do not build up in the soil, and thus will not burn the roots even with slower plant metabolism.
- concentrations/formulas are mild and designed for as frequent as daily watering.

All Sunshine Boosters can be used with every watering year around including winter time (unlike dry fertilizers), even on dormant plants. Dormant plants will get just as much food as needed: boosters are applied with every watering, which will be reduced in winter. Sunshine Boosters formulas have full spectrum of essential elements. Amino-acids provide total consumption, so nutrients do not build up in soil even with daily applications.

Always use Sunshine-Epi as a foliar spray to activate immune system and unlock protective mechanisms, BEFORE applying other boosters. It is especially important during Fall-Winter for improving cold tolerance and disease resistance.

Nutrients compatibility

All solutions in SUNSHINE Booster Nutrition System (liquid macro- and micro-boosters) are compatible.

The only exception is Sunshine-Epi - brassinosteroid bio-stimulant. Epi should be mixed with distilled water separately from other boosters. The reason is, it is very bio-active, and if mixed with other compounds, oxidizes quickly which may affect its performance.
Sunshine-Epi solution must be prepared using distilled water, and applied as foliar spray only (it only works on contact with leaves and not through the root system).
Epi shows extremely impressive results when you apply it before application of other nutrients because it increases plant metabolism; so all boosters become even more effective if you spray Epi the day before.

When using Micro- and Macro-boosters, you may mix all components in one watering can/tank (except for Epi), using regular tap water. Besides watering root ball, macro-micro solution can be also used for foliar spray. It is optional, as in some circumstances growers prefer to keep leaves dry at all times: to stay away from mold, fungus and other issues caused by wet environment.

Do not mix Sunshine Boosters with other concentrated fertilizers.